Insulin Sensitivity and Variability in Hepatitis C Virus Infection Using Direct Measurement
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Background and Aims
Studies investigating insulin resistance (IR) in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have used surrogate measures of IR that have limited reliability. We aimed to describe the distribution and risk factors associated with IR and its change over time in HCV using direct measurement.
One hundred two non-cirrhotic, non-diabetic, HCV-infected subjects underwent clinical, histologic, and metabolic evaluation, and 27 completed repeat evaluation at 6 months. Insulin-mediated glucose uptake was measured by steady-state plasma glucose (SSPG) concentration during the insulin suppression test.
Three subjects with diabetes were excluded and 95 completed all testing. SSPG ranged from 39 to 328 mg/dL (mean 135 mg/dL) and was stable over time (mean SSPG change −0.3 mg/dL). SSPG was associated with Latino ethnicity (Coef 67, 95 % CI 37–96), BMI (Coef 19 per 5 kg/m2, 95 % CI 5–32), ferritin (Coef 1.4 per 10 ng/ml, 95 % CI 0.2–2.5), male gender (Coef −48, 95 % CI −80 to −16), and HDL (Coef −16, 95 % CI −28 to −5 mg/dL). Current tobacco use (Coef 55, 95 % CI 19–90), steatosis (Coef −44, 95 % CI −86 to −3), and increases in BMI (Coef 30 per 5 kg/m2, 95 % CI 6–53) and triglyceride (Coef 3.5 per 10 mg/dL, 95 % CI 0.3–6.7) predicted change in SSPG.
There was a wide spectrum of insulin resistance in our HCV population. Host factors, rather than viral factors, appeared to more greatly influence insulin action and its change in HCV.
KeywordsDiabetes HCV Insulin resistance Oral glucose tolerance test
Body mass index
Hepatitis C virus
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol
Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance
Insulin suppression test
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
Oral glucose tolerance test
Steady-state plasma glucose determined by the insulin suppression test