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Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 58, Issue 2, pp 540–546 | Cite as

Risk Factors and Prognosis of Pulmonary Complications After Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection for Gastric Neoplasia

  • Chan Hyuk Park
  • Hyunzu Kim
  • Young Ae Kang
  • In Rae Cho
  • Bun Kim
  • Su Jin Heo
  • Suji Shin
  • Hyuk Lee
  • Jun Chul Park
  • Sung Kwan Shin
  • Yong Chan Lee
  • Sang Kil LeeEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Hospital-acquired pneumonia after an endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) can prolong the patient’s stay in the hospital, leading to greater healthcare costs. However, little is known of the characteristics and risk factors associated with this complication.

Aims

To analyze the clinical features of pneumonia after ESD and to suggest a treatment plan.

Methods

This was a retrospective study in which the cases of 1,661 consecutive patients who underwent ESD for 1,725 lesions between January 2008 and June 2011 were reviewed.

Results

Of the 1,661 patients who underwent ESD during the study period, 38 were subsequently diagnosed with pneumonia, and an additional 18 patients exhibited lung consolidation, based on chest radiography, without respiratory signs or symptoms. The remaining 1,605 patients showed neither lung consolidation on chest radiography nor respiratory signs/symptoms. Continuous propofol infusion with intermittent or continuous administration of an opioid [odds ratio (OR) 4.498, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 2.267–8.923], a procedure time of >2 h (OR 2.900, 95 % CI 1.307–6.439), male gender (OR 2.835, 95 % CI 1.164–6.909), and age >75 years (OR 2.765, 95 % CI 1.224–6.249) were independent risk factors for pneumonia after ESD. In patients with only lung consolidation (without respiratory signs and symptoms), the length of hospital stay and prognosis were not affected by antibiotics use.

Conclusions

Deep sedation under continuous propofol infusion with opioid injection during ESD may be a risk factor for pneumonia.

Keywords

Endoscopic submucosal dissection Propofol Sedation Aspiration pneumonia 

Notes

Conflicts of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chan Hyuk Park
    • 1
  • Hyunzu Kim
    • 2
  • Young Ae Kang
    • 3
  • In Rae Cho
    • 1
  • Bun Kim
    • 1
  • Su Jin Heo
    • 1
  • Suji Shin
    • 1
  • Hyuk Lee
    • 1
  • Jun Chul Park
    • 1
  • Sung Kwan Shin
    • 1
  • Yong Chan Lee
    • 1
  • Sang Kil Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal MedicineYonsei University College of MedicineSeodaemun-gu, SeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyYonsei University College of MedicineSeodaemun-gu, SeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal MedicineYonsei University College of MedicineSeodaemun-gu, SeoulRepublic of Korea

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