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Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 57, Issue 12, pp 3189–3194 | Cite as

Efficacy of S-Pantoprazole 20 mg Compared with Pantoprazole 40 mg in the Treatment of Reflux Esophagitis: A Randomized, Double-Blind Comparative Trial

  • Yu Kyung Cho
  • Myung-Gyu ChoiEmail author
  • Young-Tae Bak
  • Poong-Lyul Rhee
  • Sang Gyun Kim
  • Hoon-Yong Jung
  • Sang Young Seol
Original Article

Abstract

Background

S-isomer (S) pantoprazole is known to be more effective and less dependent on cytochrome 2C19 than R-isomer (R)-pantoprazole.

Aim

The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of S-pantoprazole 20 mg versus pantoprazole 40 mg for treatment of reflux esophagitis.

Methods

This multi-center, double-blind, randomized trial enrolled patients with endoscopically documented reflux esophagitis. Patients were assigned to receive either 20 mg S-pantoprazole or 40 mg pantoprazole once daily for 4 weeks. Endoscopy and symptoms were assessed after 4 weeks of treatment. In patients whose reflux esophagitis was not resolved at 4 weeks, treatment was extended to 8 weeks and symptoms were reassessed. Heartburn, chest pain, acid regurgitation, globus, and overall symptoms were rated. The primary efficacy endpoint was healing of esophagitis, and secondary endpoints were symptomatic and endoscopic improvement.

Results

Sixty-seven patients in the S-pantoprazole group (52 male, mean age 51 years) and 62 in the pantoprazole group (61 male, mean age 50 years) were analyzed per protocol. The healing rate of reflux esophagitis was 85 % at 4 weeks and 94 % at 8 weeks in the S-pantoprazole group, which did not differ from those in the pantoprazole group (84 and 97 %, respectively). After treatment, individual and overall gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms and esophagitis improved compared with baseline inflammation in both groups. Intergroup differences in symptoms and endoscopic healing were not significant.

Conclusion

The efficacy and safety of 20 mg S-pantoprazole were comparable to those of 40 mg pantoprazole for treatment of reflux esophagitis and symptomatic improvement of GERD.

Keywords

Proton pump inhibitor Enantiomer Racemate Pantoprazole Efficacy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would especially like to thank to Ahn-gook Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Seoul, Korea for providing 20 mg of S-pantoprazole.

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Kyung Cho
    • 1
  • Myung-Gyu Choi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Young-Tae Bak
    • 2
  • Poong-Lyul Rhee
    • 3
  • Sang Gyun Kim
    • 4
  • Hoon-Yong Jung
    • 5
  • Sang Young Seol
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineThe Catholic University of Korea, Seoul St. Mary’s HospitalSeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicineKorea University College of MedicineSeoulKorea
  3. 3.Department of Internal Medicine, Samsung Medical CenterSungkyunkwan University School of MedicineSeoulKorea
  4. 4.Department of Internal MedicineSeoul National University College of MedicineSeoulKorea
  5. 5.Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical CenterUlsan University College of MedicineSeoulKorea
  6. 6.Department of Internal MedicineInje University College of MedicineBusanKorea

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