Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 57, Issue 8, pp 2038–2044 | Cite as

Effect of Boswellia serrata on Antioxidant Status in an Experimental Model of Colitis Rats Induced by Acetic Acid

  • Renata Minuzzo Hartmann
  • Maria Isabel Morgan Martins
  • Juliana Tieppo
  • Henrique Sarubbi Fillmann
  • Norma Possa Marroni
Original Article

Abstract

Aim of the Study

To evaluate the antioxidant effect of an extract of the plant Boswellia serrata in an experimental model of acute ulcerative colitis induced by administration of acetic acid (AA) in rats.

Materials and Methods

The extract of B. serrata (34.2 mg/kg/day) was administered orally by gavage for 2 days before and after induction of colitis with AA diluted to 4 % and in a volume of 4 ml.

Results

The anal sphincter pressure in the groups treated with B. serrata showed a significant increase compared to the colitis group (P < 0.001). Histological analysis of treated animals showed less edema with preservation of mucosal crypts. Lipid peroxidation showed a significant decrease in the treated groups compared to the colitis group (P < 0.001). The superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme activity showed a significant reduction in the treated groups compared to the colitis group (P < 0.001), the glutathione peroxidase (GPx) significantly increased in the treated groups compared to colitis group (P < 0.05), and the same was the result for enzyme activity glutathione (GSH; P < 0.05).

Conclusions

The extract of B. serrata has active antioxidant substances that exert protective effects in acute experimental colitis.

Keywords

Antioxidant Boswellia serrata Inflammation Oxidative stress Radical scavenger Ulcerative colitis 

Abbreviations

ANOVA

One-way analysis of variance

GPx

Glutathione peroxidase

GSH

Glutathione

IBD

Inflammatory bowel disease

iNOS

Inducible nitric oxide

LPO

Lipid peroxidation

NO

Nitric oxide

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

UC

Ulcerative colitis

Notes

Acknowledgments

Supported by grants from the Brazilian agencies Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), Fundo de Incentivo à Pesquisa e Eventos (FIPE/ proj nº 110215) of the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), and Laboratório de Hepatologia e Gastroenterologia Experimental (HCPA/UFRGS) of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS).

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renata Minuzzo Hartmann
    • 1
  • Maria Isabel Morgan Martins
    • 3
  • Juliana Tieppo
    • 2
  • Henrique Sarubbi Fillmann
    • 2
  • Norma Possa Marroni
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina: Ciências MédicasUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de Hepatologia e Gastroenterologia ExperimentalHospital de Clínicas de Porto AlegrePorto AlegreBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratório de Estresse Oxidativo e AntioxidantesUniversidade Luterana do BrasilCanoasBrazil

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