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Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 57, Issue 5, pp 1271–1280 | Cite as

The Complex Intratumoral Heterogeneity of Colon Cancer Highlighted by Laser Microdissection

  • David BuobEmail author
  • Harold Fauvel
  • Marie-Pierre Buisine
  • Stéphanie Truant
  • Christophe Mariette
  • Nicole Porchet
  • Agnès Wacrenier
  • Marie-Christine Copin
  • Emmanuelle Leteurtre
Original Article

Abstract

Aims

To evaluate the utility of laser microdissection in the comparison of phenotypes and genetic alterations between colon cancer and corresponding liver metastasis in the context of intratumoral heterogeneity.

Methods

Immunohistochemistry was performed on a series of 11 patients surgically treated for colon adenocarcinoma with liver metastases, using antibodies directed against six mucins. Immunohistochemistry was completed by laser microdissection of tumor zones with particular phenotype, luminal zone and invasion front of colon tumors. Microdissected samples were compared on the basis of microsatellite instability and alterations of CTNNB1, KRAS, and TP53.

Results

Our study demonstrated varying mucin expression within tumors, suggesting the existence of phenotypic intratumoral heterogeneity. A common immunohistochemical profile was observed in individual tumors between tumoral subpopulations and corresponding metastases. Nevertheless, the phenotypic characteristics were distinct from one patient to another. Laser microdissection underlined that phenotypic heterogeneity could rely on genotypic heterogeneity, and that some genetic alterations were common to microdissected samples from primary colon tumors and liver metastases.

Conclusion

We illustrated intratumoral heterogeneity of colon cancer using laser microdissection, in combination with immunohistochemical and genotypic tools. This intratumoral heterogeneity could represent a major issue in the search of prognostic biomarkers.

Keywords

Colon cancer Metastasis process Intratumoral heterogeneity Mucins Laser microdissection 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Ms A. Ketele (INSERM U837), Mrs V. Dumetz, Mrs V. Vervaeck, Ms S. Gosselin, Mr F. Romelard, Mr M. Samyn (Pathology Department), Mrs R.M. Siminski and Mrs M.H. Gevaert (Histology Department) for their technical assistance. The authors acknowledge Drs I. Carlstedt, D. Swallow, and S.K. Batra for providing antibodies.

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Buob
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Harold Fauvel
    • 4
  • Marie-Pierre Buisine
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
  • Stéphanie Truant
    • 2
    • 6
  • Christophe Mariette
    • 2
    • 3
    • 7
  • Nicole Porchet
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
  • Agnès Wacrenier
    • 1
  • Marie-Christine Copin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Emmanuelle Leteurtre
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PathologyCHRU de LilleLille CedexFrance
  2. 2.Inserm, U837, Team 5 “Mucins, Epithelial Differentiation and Carcinogenesis”, Institut de Médecine Prédictive et Recherche ThérapeutiqueJean-Pierre Aubert Research CentreLilleFrance
  3. 3.Université Lille Nord de FranceLilleFrance
  4. 4.Cell Imagery DepartmentIMPRT-IFR114, Faculté de MédecineLille CedexFrance
  5. 5.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyCHRU de LilleLille CedexFrance
  6. 6.Department of Digestive Surgery and TransplantationCHRU de LilleLille CedexFrance
  7. 7.Department of Digestive and Oncological SurgeryCHRU de LilleLille CedexFrance

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