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Biliary Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy Real-Time Detection of Cholangiocarcinoma

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    Chen YK SR, Pleskow DK, Chuttani R, Slivka A, Stevens PD, Giovannini M, Meining A. Miami classification (MC) of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) findings in the pancreaticobiliary (PB) system for evaluation of indeterminate strictures: interim results from an international multicenter registry. Gastrointest Endosc. 2010;71:AB134.

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Conflict of interest

Vani J.A. Konda and Irving Waxman have received honoraria from Mauna Kea Technologies. All other authors have no relevant conflicts of interests to disclose.

Author information

Correspondence to Irving Waxman.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Video 1: This biliary CLE clip demonstrates loss of normal reticular architecture, glandular epithelial structures, thick dark epithelial bands and black clumps, aggregates of dark cells without fluorescein luminescence with thin white bands, and glandular structures. (MPG 1,548 kb)

Video 1: This biliary CLE clip demonstrates loss of normal reticular architecture, glandular epithelial structures, thick dark epithelial bands and black clumps, aggregates of dark cells without fluorescein luminescence with thin white bands, and glandular structures. (MPG 1,548 kb)

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Chennat, J., Konda, V.J.A., Madrigal-Hoyos, E. et al. Biliary Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy Real-Time Detection of Cholangiocarcinoma. Dig Dis Sci 56, 3701–3706 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-011-1795-7

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Keywords

  • Biliary neoplasia
  • Cholangiocarcinoma
  • Confocal endomicroscopy
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis
  • Cytology
  • Brushing
  • Fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH)
  • Biopsy
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)