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Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 911–919 | Cite as

Preventive Effects of Different Probiotic Formulations on Travelers’ Diarrhea Model in Wistar Rats

Preventive Effects of Probiotics on TD
  • Jean-François Bisson
  • Sophie Hidalgo
  • Pascale Rozan
  • Michaël Messaoudi
Original Article

Abstract

A new animal model of travelers’ diarrhea has been developed by infecting rats orally with a strain of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in order to assess the efficacy of three probiotic formulations for the prevention of travelers’ diarrhea. Five groups of six rats were given daily (by oral gavage) either a placebo (negative and positive control groups), the suspension of bacterial probiotics called FF1, the yeast probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii, or a combination of both, called ProtecflorTM. After 14 days of treatment, all groups except the negative control one were infected by oral administration of E. coli. Body temperature, body weight, food and water consumption, stools consistency, behavior, and cytokines secretion were disturbed following E. coli infection. Probiotics-treated groups generally displayed less-pronounced symptoms, the combination of probiotics ProtecflorTM being the most effective.

Keywords

Travelers’ diarrhea Escherichia coli Prevention Probiotics Rat 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Lallemand SAS France for the sponsoring this study and for the supply of probiotic samples.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-François Bisson
    • 1
  • Sophie Hidalgo
    • 1
  • Pascale Rozan
    • 2
  • Michaël Messaoudi
    • 3
  1. 1.ETAP-Ethologie Appliquée, Département de Cancérologie et Pathologies HumainesCentre de Recherche en Pharmacologie, Cancérologie-Pathologies Humaines et Nutrition-SantéVandœuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  2. 2.ETAP-Ethologie Appliquée, Département de Nutrition et SantéCentre de Recherche en Pharmacologie, Cancérologie-Pathologies Humaines et Nutrition-SantéVandœuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  3. 3.ETAP-Ethologie Appliquée, Département de PharmacologieCentre de Recherche en Pharmacologie, Cancérologie-Pathologies Humaines et Nutrition-SantéVandœuvre-lès-NancyFrance

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