Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 547–554 | Cite as

Activation of Interleukin-6/STAT3 in Rat Cholangiocyte Proliferation Induced by Lipopolysaccharide

  • Li-Ping Chen
  • Ming Cai
  • Qi-Hao Zhang
  • Zhou-Li Li
  • Ye-Yong Qian
  • Hong-Wei Bai
  • Xing Wei
  • Bing-Yi Shi
  • Jia-Hong Dong
Original Article

Abstract

Background Cholangiocytes are exposed to endotoxins (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) in a variety of biliary inflammations. It is known that LPS enhances the release of interleukin (IL)-6, a potent cholangioycte mitogen. However, the role of LPS in cholangiocyte proliferation in vivo is unknown. Aims To investigate whether LPS stimulates cholangiocyte proliferation in vivo via the IL-6/STAT3 pathway. Methods Rats were randomized into four groups: the LPS group (injected intravenously with LPS 2.5 mg/kg), anti-IL-6 group (injected intravenously with anti-IL-6 0.5 mg/kg 1 h after LPS injection), RPM group (treated with RPM 0.4 mg/kg intraperitoneally 30 min before LPS injection), and control group. At 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after LPS injection, LPS in plasma was detected by kinetic turbidimetric limulus test. IL-6 concentrations in liver homogenate and cholangiocyte proliferation were determined by ELISA or immunohistochemistry, respectively. Expression of IL-6 mRNA and phophorylated-STAT3 (P-STAT3) protein in cholangiocytes was analyzed by real-time RT-PCR and western blotting. Results Cholangiocytes responded to LPS by a marked increase in cell proliferation, IL-6 secretion, and P-STAT3 expression. Anti-IL-6 neutralizing antibody inhibited LPS-induced proliferation of cholangiocytes and decreased levels of IL-6 and STAT3. Furthermore, after being treated with RPM, STAT3 activation was also depressed, which resulted a decreased proliferation of cholangiocytes. Conclusions LPS promotes cholangiocyte proliferation through the IL-6/STAT3 pathway, while RPM shows a depressive effect in this pathway.

Keywords

Lipopolysaccharide Cholangiocyte Interleukin-6 Signal transducers and activation of transcription 3 Proliferation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li-Ping Chen
    • 1
  • Ming Cai
    • 1
  • Qi-Hao Zhang
    • 2
  • Zhou-Li Li
    • 1
  • Ye-Yong Qian
    • 1
  • Hong-Wei Bai
    • 1
  • Xing Wei
    • 1
  • Bing-Yi Shi
    • 1
  • Jia-Hong Dong
    • 3
  1. 1.Organ Transplantation CenterSecond Hospital Affiliated to General Hospital of PLABeijingChina
  2. 2.Institutes of Life and Health EngineeringJinan UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Hepatobiliary Surgery Department of General Hospital of PLABeijingChina

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