Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 52, Issue 12, pp 3404–3415

Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7 is Elevated in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease and Exerts Fibrogenic Effects on Human Hepatic Stellate Cells

  • Frank Tacke
  • Erwin Gäbele
  • Frauke Bataille
  • Robert F. Schwabe
  • Claus Hellerbrand
  • Frank Klebl
  • Rainer H. Straub
  • Tom Luedde
  • Michael P. Manns
  • Christian Trautwein
  • David A. Brenner
  • Jürgen Schölmerich
  • Bernd Schnabl
Original Paper

Abstract

Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are the main extracellular matrix (ECM)-producing cells in liver fibrogenesis. The excessive synthesis of ECM proteins deteriorates hepatic architecture and results in liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. This study investigated the role of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) as a member of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß superfamily in chronic liver disease. Plasma levels of BMP7 were significantly elevated in patients with chronic liver disease compared with healthy controls. Immunohistochemistry of cirrhotic human liver demonstrated upregulated BMP7 protein expression in hepatocytes as compared with normal human liver. Because gene expression for all putative BMP7 receptors was induced during the culture activation process of primary human HSCs, we studied the effects of BMP7 on hTERT immortalized human HSCs in vitro. BMP7, as expressed and secreted after infection with adenoviruses encoding BMP7 (AdBMP7), increased proliferation of HSCs. The mRNA and protein expression of type I collagen and fibronectin was increased in BMP7-stimulated HSCs. Elevated systemic and hepatic levels of BMP7 in patients with chronic liver disease may contribute to progression of liver fibrogenesis in vivo.

Keywords

BMP7 Liver fibrosis Hepatic stellate cells Type I collagen 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Tacke
    • 1
  • Erwin Gäbele
    • 3
  • Frauke Bataille
    • 4
  • Robert F. Schwabe
    • 5
  • Claus Hellerbrand
    • 3
  • Frank Klebl
    • 3
  • Rainer H. Straub
    • 3
  • Tom Luedde
    • 1
  • Michael P. Manns
    • 2
  • Christian Trautwein
    • 1
  • David A. Brenner
    • 5
  • Jürgen Schölmerich
    • 3
  • Bernd Schnabl
    • 3
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Medical Clinic IIIUniversity Hospital AachenAachenGermany
  2. 2.Department of GastroenterologyHepatology and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical SchoolHannoverGermany
  3. 3.Department of Internal Medicine IUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany
  4. 4.Institute of PathologyUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany
  5. 5.Department of MedicineColumbia University Medical Center, College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew YorkUSA
  6. 6.Department of MedicineColumbia University, Russ Berrie Medical Science PavilionNew YorkUSA

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