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Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 53, Issue 6, pp 1573–1581 | Cite as

Factors that Influence Adherence to a Gluten-Free Diet in Adults with Celiac Disease

  • Daniel A. LefflerEmail author
  • Jessica Edwards-George
  • Melinda Dennis
  • Detlef Schuppan
  • Francis Cook
  • Debra L. Franko
  • Jessica Blom-Hoffman
  • Ciaran P. Kelly
Original Research

Abstract

Objective The only treatment for celiac disease is lifelong adherence to a gluten-free diet, yet adherence is limited and factors influencing adherence are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to determine factors influencing gluten-free diet adherence in adults with celiac disease. Methods A questionnaire was developed and administered to 154 adults with celiac disease who then underwent a standardized gluten-free diet evaluation by an experienced nutritionist. Multivariate analysis was conducted to determine factors associated with adherence level. Results Thirteen factors hypothesized to contribute to gluten-free diet adherence were found to be significantly associated with improved adherence including: understanding of the gluten-free diet, membership of a celiac disease advocacy group, and perceived ability to maintain adherence despite travel or changes in mood or stress (P < 0.001). Conclusions This study identified specific factors correlated with gluten-free diet adherence. These results provide a foundation for the design of educational interventions to improve adherence.

Keywords

Celiac disease Gluten free diet Compliance Adherence 

Abbreviations

BIDMC

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

CD

Celiac disease

GCAS

Global celiac assessment scale

GFD

Gluten-free diet

tTG

Tissue transglutaminase

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by charitable donations to the Celiac Center at BIDMC, the Celiac Sprue Association, NIH T32 training grant DK07760, and the Harvard-Thorndike General Clinical Research Center M01 RR01032.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel A. Leffler
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jessica Edwards-George
    • 1
    • 2
  • Melinda Dennis
    • 1
  • Detlef Schuppan
    • 1
  • Francis Cook
    • 3
  • Debra L. Franko
    • 2
  • Jessica Blom-Hoffman
    • 2
  • Ciaran P. Kelly
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GastroenterologyThe Celiac Center, Dana 501, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of EpidemiologyHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA

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