, Volume 65, Issue 3, pp 419–424 | Cite as

Impact of chicken-origin cells on adaptation of a low pathogenic influenza virus

  • Shahla Shahsavandi
  • Mohammad Majid Ebrahimi
  • Ashraf Mohammadi
  • Nima Zarrin Lebas
Original Research


Understanding the growth dynamics of influenza viruses is an essential step in virus replication and cell-adaptation. The aim of this study was to elucidate the growth kinetic of a low pathogenic avian influenza H9N2 subtype in chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) and chicken tracheal epithelial (CTE) cells during consecutive passages. An egg-adapted H9N2 virus was seeded into both cell culture systems. The amount of infectious virus released into the cell culture supernatants at interval times post-infection were titered and plaque assayed. The results as well as cell viability results indicate that the infectivity of the influenza virus was different among these primary cells. The egg-adapted H9N2 virus featured higher infectivity in CTE than in CEF cells. After serial passages and plaque purifications of the virus, a CTE cell-adapted strain was generated which carried amino acid substitutions within the HA stem region. The strain showed faster replication kinetics in cell culture resulting in an increase in virus titer. Overall, the present study provides the impact of cell type, multiplicity of infection, cellular protease roles in virus infectivity and finally molecular characterization during H9N2 virus adaptation procedure.


H9N2 avian influenza virus Adaptation Chicken-origin cell Multiplicity of infection HA Cellular protease 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shahla Shahsavandi
    • 1
  • Mohammad Majid Ebrahimi
    • 1
  • Ashraf Mohammadi
    • 1
  • Nima Zarrin Lebas
    • 1
  1. 1.Razi Vaccine & Serum Research InstituteKarajIran

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