Going Back to College? Criminal Stigma in Higher Education Admissions in Northeastern U.S.

  • Douglas N. EvansEmail author
  • Jason Szkola
  • Victor St. John


Access to education is a constant theme in discussions germane to correctional reform, particularly to reduce rule breaking while incarcerated and re-offending after release from prison. Focusing on the latter, we examine the extent to which education is accessible for individuals who have felonious non-violent records in the United States (US). We generated a stratified random sample of 85 institutions of higher education (IHE) in the northeastern US and analyzed emails from admission departments in response to inquiries about how a felony record would affect admissions decisions. Results from multivariate models indicate that the institution type (public vs. private) significantly predicts how an IHE would use an individual’s criminal history in admissions decisions. Public IHEs are less likely to consider criminal history when reviewing an individual’s application and IHEs with higher proportions of minority students are associated with reduced consideration of an applicant’s criminal history in admissions decisions.


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas N. Evans
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jason Szkola
    • 3
  • Victor St. John
    • 3
  1. 1.Criminal Justice DepartmentFairleigh Dickinson UniversityTeaneckUSA
  2. 2.Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal JusticeNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.CUNY Graduate Center, John Jay College of Criminal JusticeNew YorkUSA

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