Critical Criminology

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 119–135 | Cite as

Marginalised: An Insider’s View of the State, State Policies in New Zealand and Gang Formation

  • Dominic Andrae
  • Tracey McIntosh
  • Stan Coster


Following the annexation of Aotearoa/New Zealand by the British in 1840, Māori, as the Indigenous people of that country, experienced loss of sovereignty through the imposition of and application of new and transformative policies, including the law and unfamiliar legal and social codes. This paper considers the state and the influential legacy of an imposed, Settler-state social welfare and criminal justice system on Māori. An explicit, insider narrative will highlight how suppression, disconnection and abandonment, made manifest through particular and abusive state policies, has informed and constructed the life pathway of a member of a culturally and socially-submerged population, the Mongrel Mob gang.


Indigenous People Child Welfare Criminal Justice System Foster Care State Crime 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no potential conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cultural Sociology, Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga: New Zealand’s Māori Centre of Research ExcellenceUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Sociology Department, Co-Director Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga: New Zealand’s Māori Centre of Research ExcellenceUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  3. 3.Research Collaborator, Ngā Pae ote Māramatanga: New Zealand’s Māori Centre of Research ExcellenceUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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