Advertisement

Critical Criminology

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 119–135 | Cite as

Marginalised: An Insider’s View of the State, State Policies in New Zealand and Gang Formation

  • Dominic Andrae
  • Tracey McIntosh
  • Stan Coster
Article

Abstract

Following the annexation of Aotearoa/New Zealand by the British in 1840, Māori, as the Indigenous people of that country, experienced loss of sovereignty through the imposition of and application of new and transformative policies, including the law and unfamiliar legal and social codes. This paper considers the state and the influential legacy of an imposed, Settler-state social welfare and criminal justice system on Māori. An explicit, insider narrative will highlight how suppression, disconnection and abandonment, made manifest through particular and abusive state policies, has informed and constructed the life pathway of a member of a culturally and socially-submerged population, the Mongrel Mob gang.

Keywords

Indigenous People Child Welfare Criminal Justice System Foster Care State Crime 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no potential conflicts of interest.

References

  1. Abowitz, K. (2000). A pragmatist revisioning of resistance theory. American Educational Research Journal, 37(4), 877–907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agamben, G. (1998). Homo Sacer: Sovereign power and bare life. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Agozino, B. (2004). Imperialism, crime and criminology: Towards the decolonisation of criminology. Crime, Law and Social Change, 41(4), 343–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Andrae, D. (2004). Flying the colours: New Zealand outlaw motorcycle clubs, gangs and their patches. MA thesis (Unpublished), Auckland: University of Auckland.Google Scholar
  5. Asad, T. (1991). Afterword: From the history of colonial anthropology to the anthropology of western hegemony. In G. Stocking (Ed.), Colonial situations: Essays on the contextualisation of ethnographic knowledge (pp. 314–324). Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
  6. Blauner, R. (1972). Racial oppression in America. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  7. Bull, S. (2009). Changing the broken record: New theory and data on māori offending. Paper presented at Addressing the Underlying Causes of Offending: What is the Evidence? Institute of Policy Studies. Wellington: Victoria University.Google Scholar
  8. Carr, J., & Tam, H. (2013). Changing the lens: Positive developments from New Zealand. International Association of Youth and Family Magistrates. January Edition, 14–19.Google Scholar
  9. Cohen, S. (1980). Folk devils and moral panics: The creation of the mods and rockers. London: MacGibbon & Kee.Google Scholar
  10. Cohen, D. (2011). Little criminals: The story of a New Zealand Boys’ home. Auckland: Random House.Google Scholar
  11. Crowe, M. (1996). Cutting up: Signifying the unspeakable. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 5, 103–111.Google Scholar
  12. Cunneen, C., & Tuari, J. (2016). Indigenous Criminology. Bristol: Policy Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. DeKeseredy, W. (2011). Contemporary crtitical criminology. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Ferrell, J. (2003). Cultural criminology. In M. Schwartz & S. Hatty (Eds.), Controversies in critical criminology (pp. 71–84). Cincinnnati OH: Anderson Publishing.Google Scholar
  15. Friere, P. (1970). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Herder and Herder.Google Scholar
  16. Galtung, J. (1969). Violence, peace and peace research. Journal of Peace Research., 6(3), 167–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gilbert, J. (2013). Patched: The history of gangs in New Zealand. Auckland: Auckland University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Goffman, E. (1961). Asylums. Essays on the social situation of mental patients and other inmates. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  19. Gramsci, A. (1971). Selections from the prison notebooks of Antonio Gramsci (1929–1935). London: Lawrence & Wishart.Google Scholar
  20. Green, P., & Ward, T. (2004). State crime: Governments, violence and corruption. London: Pluto.Google Scholar
  21. Hall, S. (1979). The great moving right show. Marxism Today., 23(1), 14–20.Google Scholar
  22. Heywood, A. (1994). Political ideas and concepts: An introduction. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  23. Jackson, M. (1988). The Māori and the Criminal Justice System: He Whaipanga Hou: A new perspective. Wellington: Department of Justice.Google Scholar
  24. Keenan, D. (2008). Terror in our midst? Searing for Terror in Aotearoa New Zealand. Wellington: Huia.Google Scholar
  25. Kelsey, J., & Young, W. (1982). The gangs: Moral panics as social control. Wellington: Victoria University.Google Scholar
  26. Maxwell, G., & Morris, A. (1993). Family, victims and culture: Youth justice in New Zealand. Wellinton: Social Policy Agency and the Institute of Criminology, Victoria University.Google Scholar
  27. McAllister, M. (2003). Multiple meanings of self harm: A critical review. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 12, 177–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. McIntosh, T. (2011). Marginalisation: A case study—confinement. In T. McIntosh & M. Mulholland (Eds.), Māori and Social Issues (pp. 263–282). Wellington: Huia.Google Scholar
  29. McIntosh, T. (2015). Descent or dissent? The Māori Prison Identity. Manuscript submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  30. McNicoll, J. (1970). Stanley Howard COSTER. JMN: NC. Hastings.Google Scholar
  31. Parsons, J. (1969). Stanley Howard COSTER. JJP: NC. Hastings.Google Scholar
  32. Payne, B. (1991). Staunch: Inside the gangs. Auckland: Reed Books.Google Scholar
  33. Poata-Smith, E. (2001). The political economy of Māori protest politics, 1968–1995: A Marxist analysis of the roots of Māori oppression and the politics of resistance. PhD thesis. Dunedin: University of Otago.Google Scholar
  34. Pratt, J. (1992). Punishment in a perfect society: The New Zealand penal system. Wellington: Victoria University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Quince, K. (2007). Māori and the criminal justice system in New Zealand. In J. Tolmie & W. Brookbanks (Eds.), The New Zealand criminal justice system (pp. 333–358). Wellington: LexisNexis Butterworths.Google Scholar
  36. Richards, S., & Ross, J. (2001). Introducing the new school of convict criminology. Social Justice, 28(1), 177–190.Google Scholar
  37. Ross, L. (1998). Inventing the savage: The social construction of American criminality. Austin: The University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  38. Sharp, A. (1990). Justice and the Māori: Māori claims in New Zealand political argument in the 1980s. Auckland: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  39. Spoonley, P. (1993). Racism and ethnicity. Auckland: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Stanley, E., & McCulloch, J. (2013). Resistance to State Crime. In E. Stanley & J. McCulloch (Eds.), State crime and resistance (pp. 1–13). Oxford: Routledge.Google Scholar
  41. Stephens, M. (2001). A return to the Tohunga Suppression Act 1907. Victoria University of Wellington Law Review, 32(2), 437–462.Google Scholar
  42. Tauri, J. (1996). Indigenous justice of popular justice: Issues in the development of a maori criminal justice system. In P. Spoonley, C. Macpherson, & D. Pearson (Eds.), Nga Patai: Racism and ethnic relations in Aotearoa/New Zealand (pp. 202–216). Palmerston North: The Dunmore Press.Google Scholar
  43. Tauri, J. (2011). Indigenous perspectives. In R. Walters & T. Bradley (Eds.), Introduction to criminological thought (pp. 187–210). Auckland: Pearson Longman.Google Scholar
  44. Tauri, J. (2014). Criminal justice as a colonial project in contemporary settler colonialism. African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies, 8(1), 20–37.Google Scholar
  45. Walker, R. (1990). Ka Whawhai Tonu Matou: Struggle without end. Auckland: Penguin.Google Scholar
  46. Walton, P., & Young, J. (1998). Preface. In P. Walton & J. Young (Eds.), The new criminology revisited (pp. 7–8). London: St Martin’s Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Ward, A. (1974). A show of justice. Auckland: Auckland University Press & Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  48. Webb, R. (2003). Māori crime: Possibilities and limits of an Indigenous criminology. PhD thesis (Unpublished). Auckland: University of Auckland.Google Scholar
  49. Webb, R. (2011). Incarceration. In T. McIntosh & M. Mulholland (Eds.), Māori and Social Issues (Vol. 1). Wellington: Huia Publishers.Google Scholar
  50. Workman, K. (2011). Redemption Denied: Aspects of Māori over-representation in the criminal justice system. Paper presented at justice in the round conference. Hamilton: University of Waikato.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cultural Sociology, Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga: New Zealand’s Māori Centre of Research ExcellenceUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Sociology Department, Co-Director Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga: New Zealand’s Māori Centre of Research ExcellenceUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  3. 3.Research Collaborator, Ngā Pae ote Māramatanga: New Zealand’s Māori Centre of Research ExcellenceUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations