Crime, Law and Social Change

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 87–107 | Cite as

Measuring corporate environmental crime rates: progress and problems

  • Carole GibbsEmail author
  • Sally S. Simpson


The problem of corporate crime rates has been the subject of debate, speculation and operationalization for decades, largely stemming from the complexity of measuring this type of crime. Examining corporate environmental crime poses challenges and creates opportunities for advancing the discussion of corporate crime rates, but criminologists are less familiar with environmental data. In the current paper, we review the strengths and weaknesses of existing environmental data that can be used to construct the components of an environmental crime rate. We also present a corporate environmental crime rate derived from data on violations of the Clean Water Act and describe problems with using it in real world data. Implications for theory, practice and future research are discussed.


Environmental Protection Agency Crime Rate Enforcement Action Environmental Crime Corporate Crime 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research is supported by a grant from the National Institute of Justice (NIJ).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Criminal Justice, Department of Fisheries and WildlifeMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Department of Criminology and Criminal JusticeUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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