Crime Trends in the EU
- 182 Downloads
The paper’s aim is to show to EU policy makers, academics, journalists and the general public what the available information tells us about crime levels, trends in crime and public opinion about crime among Member States. The paper centres on an analysis of current trends on crime levels and trends based on the data available both from victimisation surveys and police statistics. The victimisation survey source is the published data collected in the International Crime Victimisation Survey. A separate analysis based on the Eurobarometer was also carried out. Data on police statistics present two separate sources i.e. the Council of Europe Sourcebook and the crime data published annually by the UK Home Office. These two sources both add considerable value to the raw police statistics by their choice of data, their commentary and their technical explanations and definitions. The paper compares data on three crime types (robbery, domestic burglary and theft of a motor vehicle) across the 15 Member States of the European Union (as in 2003). These three types were selected in line with the priorities of the EU Commission and as types of crime that are a major concern for EU-citizens. The paper has been modified from a report produced by the European Crime prevention network for the EU Directorate of Justice and Home Affairs with the permission of the EU. The members of the network are listed in the appendix.
Key Wordsdomestic burglary European Union international comparisons motor vehicle theft robbery statistics victimisation
- Aromaa, K., S. Leppa, S. Nevala and N. Ollus, Crime and Criminal Justice Systems in Europe and North America. Helsinki: European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control affiliated with the United Nations, HEUNI, 2003.Google Scholar
- Barclay, G. and C. Tavares, International Comparisons of Criminal Justice Statistics 2001. Statistical Bulletin 12/2003. London: Home Office, 2003 (http://www.homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk/rds).
- Council of Europe, European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics. Strasbourg: Council of Europe PC-S-ST (99) 8 DEF, 1999.Google Scholar
- European Opinion Research Group, Public Safety, Exposure to Drug-Related Problems and Crime – Public Opinion Survey. Report Prepared for The European Commission (unpublished). Brussels: EC, 2003.Google Scholar
- European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics. The Hague: WODC/BJU, 2003.Google Scholar
- Junger-Tas, J., G.-J. Terlouw and M.W. Klein (Eds.), Delinquent Behavior among Young People in the Western World. Amsterdam: Kugler, 1994.Google Scholar
- Kangaspunta, K., M. Joutsen and N. Ollus, Crime and Criminal Justice Systems in Europe and North America. Helsinki: European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control affiliated with the United Nations, HEUNI, 1998.Google Scholar
- Kerahaw, C., N. Chivite-Mathews, C. Thomas and R. Aust, The 2001 British Crime Survey, First Results, England and Wales. Statistical Bulletin 18/01. London: Home Office, 2001, (http://www.homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk/rds).
- Killias, M., Precis de criminologie, pp. 400–416. Berne: Staempfli Editions, 2001.Google Scholar
- Maguire, M., Crime statistics: The data explosion and its implications. In M. Maguire (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, 3rd ed., pp. 322–375. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
- Mayhew, P. and J.J.M. Van Dijk, Criminal Victimisation in Eleven Industrialised Countries. The Hague: WODC, Ministry of Justice of The Netherlands, 1997.Google Scholar
- Newman, G. (Ed.), Global Report on Crime and Justice. Oxford and New York: United Nations, Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention, Centre for International Crime Prevention, and Oxford University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
- Van Dijk, J.J.M., P. Mayhew and M. Killias, Experiences of Crime across the World: Key Findings of the 1989 International Crime Survey. Deventer: Kluwer, 1990.Google Scholar
- Van Kesteren, J., P. Mayhew and P. Nieuwbeerta, Criminal Victimisation in Seventeen Industrialised Countries. The Hague: WODC, Ministry of Justice of The Netherlands, 2000.Google Scholar
- Varly, P., Harmonisation des données relatives aux vols et trafics de véhicules dans l’Union Européenne, rapport. Paris: IHESI (figures quoted from the CEA, Comité Européen des Assurances), 1999.Google Scholar