Valued Living in Daily Experience: Relations with Mindfulness, Meaning, Psychological Flexibility, and Stressors

  • Lucy Finkelstein-FoxEmail author
  • Jeffrey M. Pavlacic
  • Erin M. Buchanan
  • Stefan E. SchulenbergEmail author
  • Crystal L. Park
Original Article


Engagement in daily valued action is a core component of psychological well-being. Although valued action is a common target of cognitive-behavioral intervention, the degree to which it fluctuates at a daily level—and its predictors—remain relatively untested. Thus, the present daily diary study examined the influence of daily stress and intrapersonal resources such as mindfulness, meaning, and psychological flexibility on valued action among 122 undergraduates. Results of multilevel modeling revealed significant within-and between-person variance in daily valued action, predicted by daily fluctuations in stress as well as average stress across days, dispositional mindfulness, meaning, and psychological flexibility. Intrapersonal resources did not significantly buffer the effects of stress on valued action. Future research should continue to examine valued action in a multilevel framework, given the significant within-person variation in the present study. In the context of clinical interventions, acute stressors experienced outside of session may interfere with valued action.


Valued living Daily stressors Meaning Mindfulness Psychological flexibility 



The authors thank Gina Q. Boullion, M.S. for her assistance with data collection.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Lucy Finkelstein-Fox, Jeffrey M. Pavlacic, Erin M. Buchanan, Stefan E. Schulenberg, and Crystal L. Park declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee (University of Mississippi, Protocol #17x-260) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychological SciencesUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MississippiOxfordUSA
  3. 3.Clinical-Disaster Research CenterUniversity of MississippiOxfordUSA
  4. 4.Cognitive AnalyticsHarrisburg University of Science and TechnologyHarrisburgUSA

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