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Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 230–235 | Cite as

Remoteness and Valence of Autobiographical Memory in Depression

  • Dahyeon Kim
  • K. Lira Yoon
  • Jutta Joormann
Brief Report

Abstract

We examined whether major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with a tendency to recall more remote, specific autobiographical memories, particularly in the context of positive memories. To this end, individuals with MDD (n = 26) and healthy controls (n = 54) completed the Autobiographical Memory Test. Consistent with the hypothesis, remoteness of specific memories in the MDD group, but not the control group, depended on valence. Compared to the control group, the MDD group recalled more remote positive events. Additionally, the MDD group’s positive specific memories were significantly more remote than their negative specific memories. Retrieving remote positive memories might impair mood regulation and maintain an individual’s negative mood and perpetuate depression.

Keywords

Depression Autobiographical memory Memory remoteness Valence effect 

Notes

Funding

This study is not funded.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Dahyeon Kim, Lira Yoon, and Jutta Joormann declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Animal Rights

No animal studies were carried out by the authors for this article.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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