How Do People Perceive the Disclosure of Emotion?
- 330 Downloads
The purpose of the current study was to examine how individuals high or low in social anxiety perceive the disclosure of anxiety as compared to the disclosure of other emotions, and how one’s own level of social anxiety influences these perceptions. Participants low (n = 78) or high (n = 83) in social anxiety watched one of four videos in which the target individual either did not disclose an emotion, disclosed feeling anxious, disclosed feeling sad, or disclosed feeling happy. Participants then rated the target individual on various characteristics. It was found that participants rated the target individual who disclosed anxiety as more awkward and less socially skilled, as compared to when she did not disclose an emotion. No differences were found among ratings of the target individual who disclosed other emotions; hence, it appears that these negative judgments may be specific to the disclosure of anxiety when one does not appear anxious.
Keywords(Social) anxiety Emotions Disclosure Perceptions Judgment
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
- Clark, D. M., & Wells, A. (1995). A cognitive model of social phobia. In R. G. Heimberg, M. R. Liebowitz, D. A. Hope, & F. R. Schneier (Eds.), Social phobia: Diagnosis, assessment and treatment (pp. 69–93). New York: Guilford Publications.Google Scholar
- Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. B. W. (1996). Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV Axis I disorders—patient. New York: New York Psychiatric Institute, Biometrics Research Department.Google Scholar
- Jones, W.H., & Carpenter, B.N. (1986). Shyness, social behavior, and relationships. In W.H. Jones, J.M., Cheeck, & S. Briggs (Eds.), Shyness: Perspectives on research and treatment (pp. 227-238). New York, NY: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
- Reis, H. T., & Shaver, P. (1988). Intimacy as an interpersonal process. In S. Duck (Ed.), Handbook of personal relationships (pp. 367–389). Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
- Sullivan, H. S. (1953). The interpersonal theory of psychiatry. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
- Voncken, M.J., & Dijk, K.F.L. (in press). Socially anxious individuals get a second chance after being disliked at first sight: The role of self-disclosure in the development of likeability in sequential social contact. Cognitive Therapy and Research.Google Scholar