Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 232–241 | Cite as

Interpretation of Ambiguity in Individuals with Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms

  • Jennie M. Kuckertz
  • Nader Amir
  • Anastacia C. Tobin
  • Sadia Najmi
Original Article


In two experiments we examined the psychometric properties of a new measure of interpretation bias in individuals with obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCs). In Experiment 1, 38 individuals high in OC symptoms, 34 individuals high in anxiety and dysphoric symptoms, and 31 asymptomatic individuals completed the measure. Results revealed that the Word Sentence Association Test for OCD (WSAO) can differentiate those with OC symptoms from both a matched anxious/dysphoric group and a non-anxious/non-dysphoric group. In a second experiment, we tested the predictive validity of the WSAO using a performance-based behavioral approach test of contamination fears, and found that the WSAO was a better predictor of avoidance than an established measure of OC washing symptoms (Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Revised, washing subscale). Our results provide preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of the WSAO as well as its usefulness in predicting response to behavioral challenge above and beyond OC symptoms, depression, and anxiety.


Interpretation bias Obsessive-compulsive disorder Behavioral approach test Information processing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennie M. Kuckertz
    • 1
  • Nader Amir
    • 1
  • Anastacia C. Tobin
    • 1
  • Sadia Najmi
    • 1
  1. 1.Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical PsychologySan Diego State University/University of California, San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

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