Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 550–559 | Cite as

Dyadic Moderators of the Effectiveness of Problem-Focused and Emotional-Approach Coping Interventions

  • John P. Baker
  • Howard Berenbaum
Original Article


A prospective dyadic study examined whether supportive or unsupportive behaviors of a partner and individual differences in attention to emotion moderated the effectiveness of problem-focused and emotional-approach coping interventions. At Time 1, dimensions of emotional experience were assessed using self-report. Several days later participants (two friends of the same gender) were randomly assigned to either a problem-focused or an emotional-approach coping intervention. Positive affect, negative affect, and anhedonic depression were measured at Time 1 and at Time 2, 2 weeks subsequent to the intervention. The levels of perceived support provided by a partner, an individual’s own level of attention to emotion, and individual × partner interactions moderated the success of the coping interventions.


Emotional-approach coping Problem-focused coping Unsupportive behavior Supportive behavior Attention to emotions 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyCarle FoundationChampaignUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Illinois Urbana-ChampaignChampaignUSA

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