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Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 264–271 | Cite as

Past Depression and Gender Interact to Influence Emotional Reactivity to Daily Life Stress

  • Mathilde M. HuskyEmail author
  • Carolyn M. Mazure
  • Paul K. Maciejewski
  • Joel D. Swendsen
Original Article

Abstract

The present investigation examined emotional reactivity to stress in men and women with and without prior depression. Subjects with remitted depression (n = 55) and healthy controls with no history of psychiatric illness (n = 55) were studied using Experience Sampling Methodology to assess daily stressors and depressed mood. Main effects were observed for both female gender and past depression in increasing emotional reactivity to daily stressors. However, women experienced significantly greater emotional reactivity than men only among healthy controls and not among those with remitted depression. Formerly depressed men were more reactive to stress than men who never experienced depression, while no differences were observed for women across these groups. These findings suggest that a prior episode of depression renders men and women more equivalent in terms of stress vulnerability, thus helping to explain why gender differences in depression prevalence change as a function of prior episodes.

Keywords

Daily stressors Depressed mood Depression Experience sampling method Gender differences 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mathilde M. Husky
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carolyn M. Mazure
    • 2
  • Paul K. Maciejewski
    • 2
  • Joel D. Swendsen
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryNew York State Psychiatric Institute of Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryYale University School of Medicine, and Women’s Health Research at YaleNew HavenUSA
  3. 3.UMR-CNRS 5231University of BordeauxBordeauxFrance

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