Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 1–12 | Cite as

Automatic Thoughts and Cognitive Restructuring in Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder

  • Debra A. Hope
  • James A. Burns
  • Sarah A. Hayes
  • James D. Herbert
  • Michelle D. Warner
Original Article


The goal in (Heimberg, R. G. (1991). A manual for conducting Cognitive Behavior Group Therapy for social phobia (2nd ed), Unpublished manuscript) cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) for social anxiety disorder (social phobia) is to challenge irrational automatic thoughts and create exposures to provide disconfirming evidence for these irrational thoughts as well as habituation to fearful stimuli. Yet little is know about the types of thoughts reported by socially anxious individuals in therapy or which thoughts therapists select for cognitive restructuring in CBGT sessions. The present study analyzed the semantic content of automatic thoughts reported in CBGT and found that the most common thoughts related to poor social performance, negative labels by others, and the anticipation of negative outcomes in feared situations. Principle components analyses indicated the automatic thoughts reflected three underlying themes: Experiencing Anxiety, Negative Self-Evaluation, and Fear of Negative Evaluation. The paper also describes exploratory analyses of which thoughts became the focus of cognitive restructuring exercises and their relationship to treatment outcome. Implications for cognitive therapy are also discussed.


Social Anxiety Social Anxiety Disorder Cognitive Restructuring Phenelzine Automatic Thought 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank Robin L. Treptow, Eileen Wade, and various research assistants for their assistance with coding and Alan Bellack for providing research assistant support. This study was supported in part by grant # MH48751 from the National Institute of Mental Health to the first author. Portions of this paper were presented at the presented at the 1995 annual meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy, Washington DC.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Debra A. Hope
    • 1
  • James A. Burns
    • 1
  • Sarah A. Hayes
    • 1
  • James D. Herbert
    • 2
  • Michelle D. Warner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA
  2. 2.Drexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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