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Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 333–350 | Cite as

The Role of Personal Standards in Clinically Significant Perfectionism. A Person-Oriented Approach to the Study of Patterns of Perfectionism

  • Lars-Gunnar Lundh
  • Fredrik Saboonchi
  • Margit Wångby
Original Article

Abstract

Clinically significant perfectionism is defined as patterns of perfectionism which are over-represented in clinical samples and under-represented in non-clinical samples. The present study contrasted two hypotheses about what characterizes clinically significant perfectionism: the two-factor theory and perfectionism/acceptance theory. First, a person-oriented approach by means of cluster analysis was used to identify typical patterns of perfectionism. These clusters were then cross-tabulated with two clinical samples (patients with social phobia and patients with panic disorder) and a non-clinical sample. The results showed that patterns of clinically significant perfectionism combined high Concern over Mistakes (CM) and Doubts about Action (DA) with high Personal Standards (PS) (and to a lesser extent also high Organization)––which is consistent with perfectionism/acceptance theory, but at odds with the two-factor theory. The results illustrate the value of a person-oriented methodological approach as a complement to the traditional variable-oriented approach.

Keywords

Perfectionism Social phobia Panic disorder Depression Person-oriented approach 

Notes

Acknowledgement

We would like to thank Professor Lars R. Bergman for highly valuable comments on the cluster analytic parts of the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lars-Gunnar Lundh
    • 1
  • Fredrik Saboonchi
    • 2
  • Margit Wångby
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLund UniversityLundSweden
  2. 2.H. M. Queen Sophia University College of NursingStockholmSweden

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