Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW)

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 1–38 | Cite as

Sketching Awareness: A Participatory Study to Elicit Designs for Supporting Ad Hoc Emergency Medical Teamwork

  • Diana Kusunoki
  • Aleksandra Sarcevic
  • Zhan Zhang
  • Maria Yala
Article

Abstract

Prior CSCW research on awareness in clinical settings has mostly focused on higher-level team coordination spanning across longer-term trajectories at the department and inter-department levels. In this paper, we offer a perspective on what awareness means within the context of an ad hoc, time- and safety-critical medical setting by looking at teams treating severely ill patients with urgent needs. We report findings from four participatory design workshops conducted with emergency medicine clinicians at two regional emergency departments. Workshops were developed to elicit design ideas for information displays that support awareness in emergency medical situations. Through analysis of discussions and clinicians’ sketches of information displays, we identified five features of teamwork that can be used as a foundation for supporting awareness from the perspective of clinicians. Based on these findings, we contribute rich descriptions of four facets of awareness that teams manage during emergency medical situations: team member awareness, elapsed time awareness, teamwork-oriented and patient-driven task awareness, and overall progress awareness. We then discuss these four awareness types in relation to awareness facets found in the CSCW literature.

Key words

Awareness Collocated teams Information displays Participatory design Work coordination Emergency medicine 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. #1253285, and partially supported by the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health under Award No. R21LM011320-01A1. We thank Randall S. Burd, MD, PhD, and Sage R. Myers, MD for their support, as well as to the medical staff at the research sites for their participation. Thanks also to Michael Muller for his valuable feedback on earlier versions of this manuscript. Finally, thanks to the anonymous reviewers for their suggestions and recommendations.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diana Kusunoki
    • 1
  • Aleksandra Sarcevic
    • 1
  • Zhan Zhang
    • 1
  • Maria Yala
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Computing and InformaticsDrexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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