Chemical Constituents of Acridocarpus orientalis and Their Chemotaxonomic Significance
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Acridocarpus orientalis (Malpighiaceae) consists of 30 species, with 11 widely distributed in Africa, six in Madagascar, and a single species in New Caledonia [1, 2, 3]. It is mainly used in Oman and UAE for the treatment of paralysis, headaches, muscle pain, tendon and joint pains, as well as to treat inflammation in cattle [4, 5, 6]. A. orientalis is a small perennial shrub with highly branched, hairy stems and yellow flowers, which grow in clusters. The air-dried plant material of A. orientalis was collected from Al-Hamra, in the Ad-Dakhiliyah region of the Sultanate of Oman in March–April 2012, and identified by a plant taxonomist at the Department of Biological Sciences and Chemistry, University of Nizwa, Nizwa, Sultanate of Oman. The voucher specimen (ACO/04/12) has been deposited in the Herbarium of the department.
Previous phytochemical investigations on Acridocarpus vivy revealed the presence of five new and three known triterpenoids , while chromatographic separation of Acr...
The authors would like to thank The Oman Research Council (TRC) for financial support under the Open Research Grant (ORG/CBS/12/004).
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