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Chemical Constituents of the Plant Antidesma ghaesembilla

  • Rhanney L. Gonzales
  • Chien-Chang Shen
  • I-Jung Lee
  • Ming-Jaw Don
  • Consolacion Y. RagasaEmail author
Article

Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn. of the family Phyllanthaceae is a plant indigenous to the Philippines. Locally known as binayuyo, the young shoots are used as a vegetable and as a spice [1]. The leaves are used as a poultice to treat headaches, scurf, abdominal swellings, and fevers; the stems are emmenagogue, and the fruit is purgative. The fully ripe fruit can be eaten raw, cooked, or made into jams and jellies [2]. A previous study reported that the crude methanolic extract of A. ghaesembilla Gaertn. leaves exhibited moderate to strong antioxidant potential and significant hypoglycemic potential [3]. Recently, the methanol extract of A. ghaesembilla Gaertn. leaves was reported to exhibit antithrombotic, cytotoxic, and antibacterial activities [4]. The poultice of the flower was used in Thailand to treat herpes simplex and herpes zoster [5]. Chemical studies on the leaves of A. ghaesembilla reported the isolation of a megastigmane, vomifoliol [6], and the flavone glycosides vitexin,...

Notes

Acknowledgment

RLG acknowledges a scholarship and research grant from the Department of Science and Technology of the Philippines.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rhanney L. Gonzales
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chien-Chang Shen
    • 3
  • I-Jung Lee
    • 4
  • Ming-Jaw Don
    • 3
  • Consolacion Y. Ragasa
    • 1
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentDe La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines
  2. 2.Chemistry DepartmentCentral Luzon State UniversityMunozPhilippines
  3. 3.National Research Institute of Chinese MedicineMinistry of Health and WelfareTaipeiTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of Kampo MedicineYokohama University of PharmacyTotsuka-ku Yokohama-shiJapan
  5. 5.Chemistry DepartmentDe La Salle University Science & Technology ComplexBiñan CityPhilippines

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