Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 54, Issue 5, pp 995–997 | Cite as

Essential Oil Composition of Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna Inflorescence

  • R. KowalskiEmail author
  • G. Kowalska
  • K. Kalwa
  • M. Sujka

Hawthorn (Crataegus) is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the rose family (Rosaceae), native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia, and North America. In Poland, it can be found in well-lit forests, thickets, clearings, and on the slopes. It is planted in parks and also as a hedge [1]. Medicinal raw materials (inflorescence and fruit) are derived from two species commonly found in Poland: common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna Jacq.) and midland hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC.). European Pharmacopoeia reports that the medicinal raw material is hawthorn inflorescence with a few leaves [2]. The main active compounds in hawthorn inflorescence are flavonoids (vitexin and its glycosides, rutoside, hyperoside, kaempferol – responsible for the operation relaxant of vascular smooth muscle) and procyanidins (gently lowering blood pressure). Hawthorn inflorescence includes phenolic acids, triterpene acids, nitrogenous compounds, tannins, essential oil,...


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Dept. of Analysis and Food Quality AssessmentLublinPoland
  2. 2.Central Laboratory of AgroecologyUniversity of Life Sciences in LublinLublinPoland
  3. 3.University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Dept. of Tourism and RecreationLublinPoland

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