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Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 771–775 | Cite as

Volatile Constituents of Cucumis sativus: Differences Between Five Tropical Cultivars

  • T. Atiama-Nurbel
  • S. Quilici
  • E. Boyer
  • J.-P. Deguine
  • S. Glenac
  • A. BialeckiEmail author
Article
Cucumis sativus L. (cucumber), a creeping plant of the Cucurbitaceae family, is widely cultivated for its fruit. It is a tender annual with a rough, succulent, trailing stem and hairy leaves with three to five pointed lobes; the stem bears branched tendrils by which the plant can be trained on supports. Depending on the cultivar, the fruits are available in many different sizes, shapes, and colors. They range from thick, stubby little fruits (10–12 cm long) to Dutch greenhouse varieties (of up to 50 cm long). There are literally hundreds of different cultivars of C. sativus, virtually all of which can be divided into two basic types: slicing (fresh consumption) and pickling (fermented or fresh consumption). Flavor impact compounds responsible for fresh cucumber flavor are formed within seconds by enzymatic reactions that begin when tissue is disrupted [ 1]. Isolation and identification of volatile components from blended cucumber tissue has shown that ( E, Z)-nona-2,6-dienal and ( E)-non-2...

Keywords

Pentadecanal Hexyl Acetate Carotenoid Cleavage Dioxygenases Mass Spectral Fragmentation Pattern Branch Chain Ester 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Atiama-Nurbel
    • 1
  • S. Quilici
    • 1
  • E. Boyer
    • 2
  • J.-P. Deguine
    • 1
  • S. Glenac
    • 1
  • A. Bialecki
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.UMR Peuplements Vegetaux et Bioagresseurs en Milieu Tropical (CIRAD-Universite de La Reunion)Saint-PierreFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Chimie des Substances Naturelles et des Sciences des AlimentsUniversite de La ReunionSaint-Denis cedex 9France

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