Composition, structural characteristics, and antitumor properties of polysaccharides from the brown algae Dictyopteris polypodioides and Sargassum sp.
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The polysaccharide compositions of the brown algae Dictyopteris polypodioides and Sargassum sp. from the Mediterranean Sea were determined. The principal polysaccharide of the studied algae (about 12% of the dry alga weight) was alginic acid. The content of water-soluble polysaccharides was low. The amount of fucoidan was less than 1% of the dry alga weight; of neutral polysaccharides, less than 0.25%. The monosaccharide compositions of fucoidans and neutral polysaccharides were investigated. Experiments on soft agar-agar models showed that fucoidans from D. polypodioides and Sargassum sp. exhibited antitumor activity against RPMI-7951 human melanoma cells.