Composition of the essential oil of Genista tricuspidata
Genisteae (Adans.) Benth. is a tribe of Fabaceae, basically circum-Mediterranean. The tribe also extends to the Canary Islands, Northern Europe, and America . Different palaeoclimatic and geological processes have been involved in the evolution of Mediterranean plant communities, including those characterized by Genisteae . The Genisteae have a great ecological importance in the western Mediterranean countries not only because of the high species diversity but also for the colonization of degraded forests and deforested areas that characterize the landscape .
The genus Genista, consisting of 87 species , is predominantly distributed in the Mediterranean area; among these species, 23 grow in Algeria, including 11 endemics, distributed particularly in the northern parts of the country [5,6]. The ratio of endemism is quite high (47.8%). Taxonomic criteria were based on leaves, branching pattern, size and shape of petals, and legume characteristic .
KeywordsIsoflavones Lauric Acid Myristic Acid Degraded Forest Rocky Hill
This work was supported in part by the Laboratory of the Chemistry of Heterocycles, Blaise Pascal University (France) and MESRS of Algeria.
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