Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, 45:742 | Cite as

Chemical composition of the essential oils of Stachys atherocalyx and S. sylvatica from Iran

  • Shamsali Rezazadeh
  • Morteza Pirali-Hamedani
  • Abbas Hadjiakhondi
  • Yousef Ajani
  • Marzyeh Yarigar-Ravesh
  • Abbas Shafiee

The genus Stachys (Lamiaceae) is distributed in the mediterranean regions and southwest Asia. About three hundred Stachys species are reported [1]; 34 of them are found in Iran, of which 13 are endemic [2, 3]. Several Stachys species are used in Iranian folk medicine as medicinal plants [4]. In addition, pharmacological studies confirmed that extracts or components of plants belonging to the genus Stachys exert significant antibacterial [5], anti-inflammatory [6], antitoxic [7, 8] and anti-anoxia [9] effects.

Biosystematic and chemotaxonomic studies have been carried out on Stachys species in which flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides, quinones, iridoids, phenolic acids, diterpenoids, and essential oils were reported [5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14]. As Stachys atherocalyx and Stachys sylvatica are used in Iranian folk medicine and potentially have medical importance, we decided to make an analysis of their essential oil composition.

The compounds identifed by GC and GC-MS analyses...


Linalool Geranyl Acetate Caryophyllene Oxide Linalyl Acetate Spathulenol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by a grant from the Institute of Medicinal Plants (ACECR). The authors are grateful for their collaboration.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shamsali Rezazadeh
    • 1
  • Morteza Pirali-Hamedani
    • 2
  • Abbas Hadjiakhondi
    • 3
  • Yousef Ajani
    • 1
  • Marzyeh Yarigar-Ravesh
    • 2
  • Abbas Shafiee
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PharmacognosyInstitute of Medicinal Plants (ACECR)KarajIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Research CenterTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Pharmacognosy and Medicinal Plants Research Center, Faculty of PharmacyTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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