Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Illicium verum and Eugenia caryophyllata essential oils
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Illicium verum Hook is native to southeast China, Vietnam, India, and Japan. The essential oil, rich in trans-anethole, is mainly used in the pharmaceutical and food industry . Star anise oil exhibited high antioxidant activity , insecticidal activity, and fumigant  and antimicrobial potential . Eugenia caryophyllata Thun. (syn. Syzigium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & Perry) grows wild in Indonesia and now is cultivated in the Philippines, the Molucca Islands, and Madagascar. This oil is extensively used as a flavor ingredient in food as well as in alcoholic and soft drinks . Clove oil possesses strong antioxidative potential , and acaricidal , antifungal, antiviral, antitumor, and anesthetic activity .
In the present work, the essential oils of I. verum and E. caryophyllata were investigated as potential antifungal agents.
KeywordsAntifungal Activity Limonene Eugenol Anethole Estragol
A. M. Dzamic, S. Drujic-Jovanovic and P. D. Marin are grateful to the Ministry of science and development protection of Serbia for the financial support (Grant. No. 1143049).