Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 259–261 | Cite as

Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Illicium verum and Eugenia caryophyllata essential oils

  • Ana DzamicEmail author
  • Marina Sokovic
  • Mihailo S. Ristic
  • Slavica Grijic-Jovanovic
  • Jelena Vukojevic
  • Petar D. Marin

Illicium verum Hook is native to southeast China, Vietnam, India, and Japan. The essential oil, rich in trans-anethole, is mainly used in the pharmaceutical and food industry [1]. Star anise oil exhibited high antioxidant activity [2], insecticidal activity, and fumigant [3] and antimicrobial potential [4]. Eugenia caryophyllata Thun. (syn. Syzigium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & Perry) grows wild in Indonesia and now is cultivated in the Philippines, the Molucca Islands, and Madagascar. This oil is extensively used as a flavor ingredient in food as well as in alcoholic and soft drinks [1]. Clove oil possesses strong antioxidative potential [5], and acaricidal [6], antifungal, antiviral, antitumor, and anesthetic activity [7].

In the present work, the essential oils of I. verum and E. caryophyllata were investigated as potential antifungal agents.

The results of chemical analysis of I. verum and E. caryophyllata essential oils are presented in Table  1. In the essential oil of I. verum16...


Antifungal Activity Limonene Eugenol Anethole Estragol 
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A. M. Dzamic, S. Drujic-Jovanovic and P. D. Marin are grateful to the Ministry of science and development protection of Serbia for the financial support (Grant. No. 1143049).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Dzamic
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marina Sokovic
    • 2
  • Mihailo S. Ristic
    • 3
  • Slavica Grijic-Jovanovic
    • 1
  • Jelena Vukojevic
    • 1
  • Petar D. Marin
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Belgrade-Faculty of Biology, Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden “Jevremovac”BelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Institute for Biological Research “Sinisa Stankovic”11000BelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Institute for Medicinal Plant Research “Dr Josif Pancic”BelgradeSerbia

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