Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 415–417 | Cite as

Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Bunium elegans and Bunium caroides

  • A. R. Jassbi
  • M. Mehrdad
  • M. Soleimani
  • M. Mirzaeian
  • A. Sonboli


Analyses of the essential oils of Bunium elegans (Fenzl) Freyn and B. caroides (Boiss.) Hausskn. ex Bornm., using GC, GC/MS, and13 C-NMR spectroscopy resulted in identification of their chemical constituents. The oils of both species contain mainly the sesquiterpene hydrocarbons germacrene-D and E-caryophyllene, which amounted to 24.1% and 38% for B. elegans and 22.1% and 26.6% for B. caroides respectively. The oil of B. caroides contained the monoterpenes α-pinene and Z-β-ocimene in 4.1 and 5.9% respectively, while traces of monoterpenes were detected for B. elegans. On the other hand, in B. caroides the phenylpropanoid derivatives asaricin (7.5%) and dillapiole (10.2%) were among the major constituents.

Key words

Umbelliferae Apiaceae Bunium elegans Bunium caroides essential oil 13C-NMR GC/MS 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. R. Jassbi
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Mehrdad
    • 2
  • M. Soleimani
    • 2
  • M. Mirzaeian
    • 2
  • A. Sonboli
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Molecular EcologyMax Plank Institute for Chemical EcologyJenaGermany
  2. 2.Department of Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants Research InstituteShahid Beheshti UniversityEvin, TehranIran

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