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Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 171–174 | Cite as

Essential Oil Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Leaves of Stachys schtschegleevii from Iran

  • A. Sonboli
  • P. Salehi
  • S. Nejad Ebrahimi
Article

Abstract

The composition of the essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation from the leaves of Stachys schtschegleevii Sosn. before the flowering stage was analyzed by GC and GC-MS. Forty-five compounds representing 98.7% of the total oil were identified, of which α-pinene (36.4%), germacrene-D (18.6%), limonene (8.2%), and piperitone (6.2%) were the major constituents. Furthermore, antibacterial activity of the entire oil and its two main monoterpenes was evaluated against six Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The oil exhibited moderate activity against the tested bacteria.

Key words

Stachys schtschegleevii Labiatae essential oil composition antibacterial activity α-pinene germacrene-D 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Sonboli
    • 1
  • P. Salehi
    • 2
  • S. Nejad Ebrahimi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research InstituteShahid Beheshti University, EvinTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research InstituteShahid Beheshti University, EvinTehranIran

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