Psychometric Properties of the Suicide Acceptance Questionnaire
- 41 Downloads
Only a few questionnaires are available for measuring attitude towards suicide as a unidimensional construct, i.e. emphasizing acceptance or disapproval of the suicidal act under a set of difficult life circumstances. The aim of this study was to develop the Suicide Acceptance Questionnaire (SAQ) and examine its psychometric properties. A group of 177 Psychology, Medicine and Law students completed the SAQ, Attitudes Towards Suicide questionnaire and a demographic survey. Exploratory factor analysis found the SAQ to have a single factor structure, explaining 55.49% of variance, with high goodness of fit. Owing to the nature of explicit attitudes, the SAQ may have limited power in predicting behavior. The findings indicate that the SAQ demonstrates appropriate reliability and concurrent validity for measuring the acceptance of suicide act. Future research with use of confirmatory factor analysis is needed for determining whether the proposed construct fits data.
KeywordsAcceptance of suicide Attitudes towards suicide Suicide prevention Psychometrics
The authors would like to thank Edward Lowczowski for improving and proofreading the manuscript. A special thanks goes to Professor Doctor Honoris Causa Brunon Hołyst for access to the original survey from his study and for being our inspiration.
This study was funded by University of Lodz Grant No. B1611800001310.02
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have conflict of interest.
- Eskin, M., Kujan, O., Voracek, M., Shaheen, A., Carta, M. G., Sun, J. M., et al. (2016). Cross-national comparisons of attitudes towards suicide and suicidal persons in university students from 12 countries. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology,57(6), 554–563. https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12318.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Goldney, R., & Bottrill, A. (1980). Attitudes to patients who attempt suicide. The Medical Journal of Australia,2(13), 717–720. https://doi.org/10.5694/j.1326-5377.1980.tb132009.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Hjelmeland, H., Akotia, C. S., Owens, V., Knizek, B. L., Nordvik, H., Schroeder, R., et al. (2008). Self-reported suicidal behavior and attitudes toward suicide and suicide prevention among psychology students in Ghana, Uganda, and Norway. Crisis,29(1), 20–31. https://doi.org/10.1027/0227-5910.29.1.20.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Hołyst, B. (2002). Suicidology [in Polish: Suicydologia] (1st ed.). Warsaw, Poland: Wydawnictwo Prawnicze Lexis Nexis.Google Scholar
- Jenner, J. A., & Niesing, J. (2000). The construction of the SEDAS: A new suicide-attitude questionnaire. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica,102(2), 139–146. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0447.2000.102002139.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Pompili, M., Innamorati, M., Szanto, K., Di Vittorio, C., Conwell, Y., Lester, D., et al. (2011). Life events as precipitants of suicide attempts among first-time suicide attempters, repeaters, and non-attempters. Psychiatry Research,186(2–3), 300–305. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2010.09.003.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Samuelsson, M., Åsberg, M., & Gustavsson, J. P. (1997). Attitudes of psychiatric nursing personnel towards patients who have attempted suicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica,95(3), 222–230. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1997.tb09623.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Sato, R., Kawanishi, C., Yamada, T., Hasegawa, H., Ikeda, H., Kato, D., et al. (2006). Knowledge and attitude towards suicide among medical students in Japan: Preliminary study. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences,60(5), 558–562. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1819.2006.01558.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Shneidman, E. (1998). The suicidal mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Sisask, M., Varnik, A., Kolves, K., Bertolote, J. M., Bolhari, J., Botega, N. J., et al. (2010). Is religiosity a protective factor against attempted suicide: A cross-cultural case-control study. Archives of Suicide Research,14(1), 44–55. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811110903479052.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- World Health Organization. (2014). Preventing suicide: A global perspective (A. Fleischmann, S. Howlader, L. Vijayakumar, & A. Butchart, Eds.). Geneva: WHO Press.Google Scholar