Advertisement

Night Eating Syndrome and Its Relationship with Emotional Eating, Sleep Quality and Nutritional Status Among Adolescents’ Boys

  • Mahdieh Abbasalizad FarhangiEmail author
Original Paper
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Current study was aimed to evaluate the relationship between emotional eating and night eating syndrome (NES) with sleep quality among adolescents in Tabriz-Iran. The current study was conducted among eighty adolescent boys aged 12–16 years old from Tabriz-Iran. Night eating syndrome and Emotional eating were measured by validated specific questionnaires. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire (PSQI) was used for assessment of sleep quality. Emotional and very emotional eaters had significantly higher protein and fat intake. Among components of PSQI, subjective sleep quality, sleep disturbances and daytime dysfunction scores among emotional and very emotional eaters were significantly higher. Moreover, adolescents with NES, had higher PSQI score and lower carbohydrate intake; whereas, intake of fat among NES group was significantly higher (P < 0.05). Our results indicated poor sleep quality and higher dietary fat intake among adolescents with emotional eating disorder and NES. Therefore, it is necessary to consider healthy nutritional pattern including low fat intake in prevention of developing emotional eating and NES among adolescents.

Keywords

NES PSGI Eating behaviors 

Notes

Funding

This work has not received any financial supports from academic or commercial sources.

References

  1. Alipour, B., Abbasalizad Farhangi, M., Dehghan, P., & Alipour, M. (2015). Body image perception and its association with body mass index and nutrient intakes among female college students aged 18–35 years from Tabriz, Iran. Eatind and Weight Disorders-Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, 20, 465–471.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-015-0184-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allison, K. C., Lundgren, J. D., OReardon, J. P., Martino, N. S., Sarwer, D. B., Wadden, T. A., et al. (2008). The night eating questionnaire (NEQ): Psychometric properties of a measure of severity of the night eating syndrome. Eating Behaviors, 9, 62–72.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2007.03.007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aronoff, N. J., Geliebter, A., & Zammit, G. (2001). Gender and body mass index as related to the night-eating syndrome in obese outpatients. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 101(01), 102–104.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223.Google Scholar
  4. Balbo, M., Leproult, R., & Van Cauter, E. (2010). Impact of sleep and its disturbances on hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis activity. International Journal of Endocrinology.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/759234.Google Scholar
  5. Buysse, D. J., Reynolds, C. F., Monk, T. H., Berman, S. R., & Kupfer, D. J. (1989). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: A new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Research, 28, 193–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cartwright, M., Wardle, J., & N.StegglesN.,SimonA. E.,CrokerH.,Jarvis (2003). Stress and dietary practices in adolescents. Health Psychology, 22, 362–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cleator, J., Abbott, J., Judd, P., Sutton, C., & Wilding, J. P. H. (2012). Night eating syndrome: Implications for severe obesity. Nutrition and Diabetes, 2, e44.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nutd.2012.16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Corgosinho, F. C., Dâmaso, A. R., Piano Ganen, A., Silveira Campos, R. M., Silva, P. L., Lima Sanchez, P., Ackel-D’Elia, C., Carnier, C., Tock, J., & Andersen, L. (2013). Short sleep time increases lipid intake in obese adolescents. Sleep Science, 6, 26–31.Google Scholar
  9. Dweck, J. S., Jenkins, S. M., & Nolan, L. J. (2014). The role of emotional eating and stress in the influence of short sleep on food consumption. Appetite, 72, 106–113.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2013.10.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Farhangi, M. A., Keshavarz, S. A., Eshraghian, M., Ostadrahimi, A., & Saboor-Yaraghi, A. A. (2013). Vitamin A supplementation, serum lipids, liver enzymes and C-reactive protein concentrations in obese women of reproductive age. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry, 50(1), 25–30.  https://doi.org/10.1258/acb.2012.012096.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Farrahi Moghaddam, J., Nakhaee, N., Sheibani, V., Garrusi, B., & Amirkafi, A. (2012). Reliability and validity of the Persian version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-P). Sleep and Breathing, 16, 79–82.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11325-010-0478-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Firoozabady, E. E., Kamali -Zarch, M., Afshani, S. A., & Halvani, A. (2015). The prevalence of sleep disorders and their relationship with anxiety and behavioral problems among primary school students in Yazd, Iran. International Journal of Pediatrics, 3, 625–631.Google Scholar
  13. Garaulet, M., Canteras, M., Morales, E., López-Guimera, G., Sánchez-Carracedo, D., & Corbalán-Tutau, M. D. (2012). Validation of a questionnaire on emotional eating for use in cases of obesity: the Emotional Eater Questionnaire (EEQ). Nutrcion Hospitalaria, 27, 645–651.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0212-16112012000200043.Google Scholar
  14. Gluck, M. E., Venti, C., Salbe, A., & Krakoff, J. (2008). Nighttime eating: commonly observed and related to weight gain in an inpatient food intake study. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 88, 900–905.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kucukgoncu, S., Midura, M., & Tek, C. (2015). Optimal management of night eating syndrome: challenges and solutions. Neuropsychiatr Disease and Treatment, 11, 751–760.  https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S70312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kucukgoncu, S., Tek, C., Bestepe, E., Musket, C., & Guloksuz, S. (2014). Clinical features of night eating syndrome among depressed patients. European Eating Disorders Review, 22, 102–108.  https://doi.org/10.1002/erv.2280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lohsoonthorn, V., Khidir, H., Casillas, G., Lertmaharit, S., Tadesse, M. G., Pensuksan, W. C., Rattananupong, T., Gelaye, B., & Williams, M. A. (2013). Sleep quality and sleep patterns in relation to consumption of energy drinks, caffeinated beverages, and other stimulants among Thai college students. Sleep and Breathing, 17, 1017–1028.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11325-012-0792-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lombardo, C. (2016). Sleep and obesity: An introduction. Eat Weight Disorders, 21(1), 1–4.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-015-0234-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Meule, A., Allison, K. C., & Platte, P. (2014). Emotional eating moderates the relation- ship of night eating with binge eating and body mass. European Eatind Disorders Review, 22, 147–151.  https://doi.org/10.1002/erv.2272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Michaud, C., Kahn, J., Musse, N., Burlet, C., Nicolas, J., & Mejean, L. (1990). Relationships between a critical life event and eating behaviour in high-school students. Stress Medicine, 6, 57–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mirmiran, P., Hosseini Esfahani, F., Mehrabi, Y., Hedayati, M., & Azizi, F. (2009). Reliability and relative validity of an FFQ for nutrients in the Tehran lipid and glucose study. Public Health Nutrition, 13, 654–662.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. National Center for Health Statistics. (1988–1994). Plan and operation of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Series 1: Programs and collection procedures.Vital Health Stat, 1, 1994;1–407.Google Scholar
  23. Nguyen-Michel, S. T., Unger, J. B., & Spruijt-Metz, D. (2007). Dietary correlates of emotional eating in adolescence. Appetite, 49, 494–499.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2007.03.005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nguyen-Rodriguez, S. T., Unger, J. B., & Spruijt -Metz, D. (2009). Psychological determinants of emotional eating in adolescence. Eatind Disorders, 17(3), 211–224.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10640260902848543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nolan, L. J., & Geliebter, A. (2016). “Food addiction” is associated with night eating severity. Appetite, 98, 89–94.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2015.12.025.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pawlow, L., O’Neil, P., & Malcolm, R. (2003). Night eating syndrome: Effects of brief relaxation training on stress, mood, hunger, and eating patterns. International Journal of Obesity, 27, 970–978.  https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0802320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Poggiogalle, E., Lubrano, C., Gnessi, L., Marocco, C., Di Lazzaro, L., Polidoro, G., et al. (2016). Reduced sleep duration affects body composition, dietary intake and quality of life in obese subjects. Eating and Weight Disorders-Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity. 21(3), 501–505.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-016-0254-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Spiegel, K., Tasali, E., Penev, P., & Van Cauter, E. (2004). Brief communication: Sleep curtailment in healthy young men is associated with decreased leptin levels, elevated ghrelin levels, and increased hunger and appetite. Annals of Internal Medicine, 141, 846–850.  https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-141-11-200412070-00008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Stunkard, A. J., Grace, W. J., & Wolff, H. G. (1955). The night-eating syndrome: a pattern of food intake among certain obese patients. The American Journal of Medicine, 19, 78–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Suri, S., & Pradhan, R. (2010). Assessment of night eating syndrome among late adolescents. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 32, 71–72.  https://doi.org/10.4103/0253-7176.70548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nutrition Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran

Personalised recommendations