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Sedentary Behavior and Quality of Life in People with Psychotic Disorders from a Low Income Country: A Study from Uganda

  • Davy Vancampfort
  • Michel Probst
  • Simon Rosenbaum
  • Philip B. Ward
  • Tine Van Damme
  • James Mugisha
Original Paper

Abstract

The current study examined the impact of sedentary behaviour (SB) on quality of life (QoL) in people with psychotic disorders. Thirty-six Ugandan women (mean age = 33.9 ± 8.0 years) and 23 men (37.4 ± 11.8 years) with a DSM 5 diagnosis of psychosis completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life—Brief version and Simple Physical Activity Questionnaire (SIMPAQ). Medication use, physical co-morbidities, weight, height, blood pressure and smoking habits were recorded. Multiple regression analyses were undertaken. Variability in SIMPAQ sedentary and walking scores explained 56% of the variability in psychological QoL, while variability in SIMPAQ walking explained 46% of the variability in physical QoL. Health care professionals should not only consider increasing physical activity but also reducing SB to improve QoL in their patients.

Keywords

Physical activity Exercise Sedentary Psychosis Quality of life 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

All participants gave their informed written consent. In case participants were not able to read or write, fingerprints were taken and a related witness signed the informed consent document.

Research Involving Human Participants and/or Animals

The study procedure was approved by the Scientific and Ethical Committee of Mengo Hospital, Kampala, Uganda and the Butabika Hospital Research Committee, Kampala, Uganda. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Supplementary material

10597_2018_353_MOESM1_ESM.docx (23 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 23 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation SciencesKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.University Psychiatric CentreKU LeuvenKortenbergBelgium
  3. 3.School of PsychiatryUNSWSydneyAustralia
  4. 4.The Black Dog InstituteRandwickAustralia
  5. 5.Schizophrenia Research UnitIngham Institute of Applied Medical ResearchLiverpoolAustralia
  6. 6.Kyambogo UniversityKampalaUganda
  7. 7.Butabika National Referral and Mental Health HospitalKampalaUganda

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