Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 189–201 | Cite as

Predictors of Quality of Life in Montreal, Canada: A Longitudinal Study

  • Jean CaronEmail author
  • Margaret Cargo
  • Mark Daniel
  • Aihua Liu
Original Paper


This study sought to assess factors associated with quality of life (QoL), and predictive of improvements in QoL over time, in a population-based cohort study. A 4-year longitudinal survey was administered to 2433 individuals at the study baseline; of these, 1828 individuals participated in Wave 2, and 1303 participated in Wave 3. QoL was measured by the Satisfaction with Life Domains Scale. Thirty-two variables were correlated with baseline QoL and together explained 58.2% of the variance. Eleven variables were independent predictors of improvement in QoL over time. Among these variables, social support and stress/coping showed the strongest association with QoL, and neighbourhood characteristics had an additional influence. Multidimensional modelling of a broad spectrum of the factors related to QoL enabled situating mental health and well-being in an ecological system with attendant implications for public health and social policy intervention to facilitate improvement of QoL in the population.


Quality of life Life satisfaction Stress and coping Social support Neighbourhood Longitudinal study 



This study was funded by the Canadian Institute of Health Research (CTP-79839).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean Caron
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Margaret Cargo
    • 3
  • Mark Daniel
    • 3
  • Aihua Liu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Douglas Mental Health University InstituteMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Faculty of HealthUniversity of CanberraCanberraAustralia

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