Beliefs Supporting Violence, Attitudes and Aggressive Behavior Among School Adolescents in Rural Delhi
- 78 Downloads
Violence and aggression amongst adolescents is increasing across the globe. However, the research on adolescent violence in India is limited. The present study was undertaken to study aggressive beliefs, attitudes, behavior rural schools in north district of Delhi. It was a cross-sectional study conducted among adolescents studying in grade VIII–X in three rural schools in Delhi, selected by non-probability sampling. The data was collected using a questionnaire adapted from CDC Compendium of tools measuring aggression. Out of the total 270 adolescents, there were 119 boys (44.1%) and 151 (55.9%) girls. The mean score of beliefs, attitude aggressive behaviour for private co-ed school was highest while all girls’ school had lowest (p < 0.001). Being male (p < 0.001), studying in private co-ed school (p < 0.001) and having attitude towards violence (p = 0.02) contributed significantly to total aggression score. The study highlighted that type of school, gender and attitudes influence adolescents’ behavior towards aggression.
KeywordsAggression School Gender Violence
TA, Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, contributed in preparation of protocol, literature search data analysis and its interpretation, and drafting the report. JK, Director Professor, Department of Community Medicine, conceptualized the idea for this study. He guided in preparation of protocol, questionnaire, data collection, analysis, writing and reviewing of the report. SG, Scientist B, NICPR, contributed in data collection, entry and statistical analysis of the data and writing of the report. SB, Director, AACCI, guided in preparation of protocol, questionnaire, and reviewing of the report. SY, Director Professor & Head, Department of Paediatrics, guided in preparation of protocol, questionnaire, and reviewing of the report.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Allen, J. A., & Anderson, C. A. (2015). Aggression and violence: Definitions and distinctions. Retrieved from http://public.psych.iastate.edu/caa/abstracts/2015-2019/16AA.pdf.
- Anderson, C. A., & Heusmann, L. R. (2003). Human aggression: A social analytical view. In A. Michael Hogg & Joel Cooper (Eds.), The Sage handbook of social psychology. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc.Google Scholar
- Australian Research Alliance for Children & Youth. (2010). Preventing youth violence. What does and doesn’t work and why? Melbourne: ARACY.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A social learning analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
- Bjorkqvist, K., Osterman, K., Oommen, T. K., & Lagerspertz, K. M. J. (2001). Physical, verbal and indirect aggression among Hindu, Muslim and Sikh adolescents in India. In M. Martinez (Ed.), Prevention and control of aggression and the impact on its victims. New York: Kluwer Academic Publisher.Google Scholar
- CDC. (2005). Measuring violence related attitudes, behaviours and influences among youths: A compendium of assessment tools (2nd edn.). Atlanta: CDC.Google Scholar
- Chapter-6: Education. (2010). Retreived from http://delhi.gov.in/wps/wcm/connect/aa73eb80486863e7895acfe83e6e4488/Chapter6.pdf?MOD=AJPERES.
- Houston Community Demonstration Project. (1983). Peer leader survey. Houston, TX: City of Houston Health and Human Services Department (Unpublished).Google Scholar
- Kumar, M., Bhilwar, M., Kapoor, R., Sharma, P., & Ojha, P. (2016). Prevalence of aggression among school going adolescents in India: A review study. Indian Journal of Youth and Adolescent Health, 3(4), 39–47.Google Scholar
- Mahajan, S., Arora, A. K., Gupta, P., & Kapoor, S. (2011). Adolescent Violence: An emerging issue. Journal of Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 11(1), 34–36.Google Scholar
- Orpinas, P., Horne, A. M., & Staniszewski, D. (2003). School bullying: Changing the problem by changing the school. School Psychology Review, 32(3), 431–444.Google Scholar
- Owusu-Banahene, N. O., & Amedahe, F. K. (2008). Adolescent students’ beliefs about aggression and the association between beliefs and reported level of aggression: A study of senior high school students in Ghana. Australian Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology, 8, 64–71.Google Scholar
- Parke, R. D., & Slaby, R. G. (1983). The development of aggression. In P. H. Mussen, & E. M. Hetherington (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology, Vol. 4. Socialization, personality, and social development (pp. 547–641). New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Ray, M., & Malhi, P. (2006). Adolescent violence exposure, gender issues and impact. Indian Pediatrics, 43(7), 607–612.Google Scholar
- Sunitha, S., & Gururaj, G. (2014). Health behaviours & problems among young people in India: Cause for concern & call for action. The Indian Journal of Medical Research, 140(2), 185–208.Google Scholar
- WHO. (2002). World report on violence and health: summary. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar
- WHO. (2009). Violence prevention the evidence. Changing cultural and social norms that support violence. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar
- WHO. (2016 November 15). Adolescent health epidemiology. Retreived from http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent /epidemiology/adolescence/en/.