Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 102–106 | Cite as

Analysis of the Association of Clubhouse Membership with Overall Costs of Care for Mental Health Treatment

  • Seungyoung Hwang
  • Jason Woody
  • William W. EatonEmail author
Original Paper


We examined whether frequency of attendance at the B’More Clubhouse was associated with lower mental health care costs in the Medicaid database, and whether members in the B’More Clubhouse (n = 30) would have lower mental health care costs compared with a set of matched controls from the same claims database (n = 150). Participants who attended the Clubhouse 3 days or more per week had mean 1-year mental health care costs of US $5697, compared to $14,765 for those who attended less often. B’More Clubhouse members had significantly lower annual total mental health care costs than the matched comparison group ($10,391 vs. $15,511; p < 0.0001). Membership in the B’More Clubhouse is associated with a substantial beneficial influence on health care costs.


Clubhouse Mental health Cost Medicaid 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seungyoung Hwang
    • 1
  • Jason Woody
    • 2
  • William W. Eaton
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mental HealthBloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.B’More Clubhouse, Inc.BaltimoreUSA

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