Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 107–116 | Cite as

Investigating Vulnerability for Developing Eating Disorders in a Multi-confessional Population

  • Rita DoumitEmail author
  • Georges Khazen
  • Ioanna Katsounari
  • Chant Kazandjian
  • JoAnn Long
  • Nadine Zeeni
Original Paper


The present study aimed to examine the vulnerability to eating disorders (ED) among 949 Lebanese female young adults as well as its association with stress, anxiety, depression, body image dissatisfaction (BID), dysfunctional eating, body mass index, religious affiliation (Christian, Muslim, Druze or Other), religiosity and activity level. Results showed that anxiety had the greatest effect on increasing the predisposition to ED, followed by stress level, BID, depression and restrained eating. Affiliating as Christian was found to significantly decrease the vulnerability to developing an ED. Furthermore, the interaction of anxiety with intrinsic religiosity was found to have a protective role on reducing ED. The current study emphasized a buffering role of intrinsic religiosity against anxiety and ED vulnerability.


Predisposition Vulnerability Eating disorders Religiosity Anxiety Depression Stress 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rita Doumit
    • 1
    Email author
  • Georges Khazen
    • 2
  • Ioanna Katsounari
    • 3
  • Chant Kazandjian
    • 1
  • JoAnn Long
    • 4
  • Nadine Zeeni
    • 5
  1. 1.Alice Ramez Chagoury School of NursingLebanese American UniversityByblosLebanon
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics and Computer SciencesLebanese American UniversityByblosLebanon
  3. 3.Department of Social WorkFrederick UniversityNicosiaCyprus
  4. 4.School of NursingLubbock Christian UniversityLubbockUSA
  5. 5.Department of Natural SciencesLebanese American UniversityByblosLebanon

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