Staying Well: A Follow Up of a 5-Week Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction Programme for a Range of Psychological Issues
- 1.7k Downloads
112 women and 37 men, with an average age of 50 years were referred for MBSR training with a range of chronic psychological issues. All participants completed the Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (Tennant et al. in Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 5:63, 2007) before and after the mindfulness training programme. A significant overall effect of pre/post training was found and this difference was not related to a specific disorder. The results suggest that a ‘brief’ dose of MBSR can have a positive impact on measures of well-being in a manner that is not related to patient characteristics. A follow-up of 28 participants confirms that participation in the 5-week Living Mindfully MBSR programme significantly enhances psychological well-being immediately after training, and this benefit is maintained up to 4 years after training. Continued practice in mindfulness meditation showed an insignificant relationship to well-being scores at follow up. Qualitative data suggest that the 5 week MBSR is an effective means of developing emotion regulation and psychological well-being.
KeywordsMindfulness Mental health Depression Anxiety
- Coffman, S. J., Dimidjian, S., & Baer, R. A. (2006). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for prevention of depressive relapse. In R. Baer (Ed.), Mindfulness based treatment approaches: Clinicians guide to evidence base and applications. Burlington: Academic press, Elsevier Inc.Google Scholar
- Farb, N. A. S., Anderson, A. K., & Segal, Z. V. (2012). The mindful brain and emotion regulation in mood disorders. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 57(2), 70–77.Google Scholar
- Kabat-Zinn, J. (1982). An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: Theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4(1), 33–47.Google Scholar
- Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: How to cope with stress, pain and illness using mindfulness meditation. New York: Dell Publishing.Google Scholar
- Linehan, M. M. (1987). Dialectical behaviour therapy in groups: Treating borderline personality disorders and suicidal behaviour. In C. M. Brody (Ed.), Women’s therapy groups: Paradigms of feminist treatment (pp. 145–162). New York: Springer Publishing.Google Scholar
- Lynn, S. J., & Condon, L. P. (2013). Review of experimental and quasi-experimental studies finds that mindfulness-based interventions are more effective than standard care for reducing depressive symptoms in adults with mental disorders. Evidence Based Nursing, 16(1), 12–13.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Roemer, L., Salters-Pedneault, K., & Orsillo, S. M. (2006). Incorporating mindfulness- and acceptance-based strategies in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. In R. Baer (Ed.), Mindfulness based treatment approaches: Clinicians guide to evidence base and applications. Burlington: Academic press, Elsevier Inc.Google Scholar
- Tennant, R., Hiller, L., Fishwick, R., Platt, S., Joseph, S., Weich, S., Parkinson, J., Secker, J., & Stewart-Brown, S. (2007). The Warwick–Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS): development and UK validation. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 5:63. http://www.hqlo.com/content/5/1/63.