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Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 47, Issue 6, pp 628–636 | Cite as

Effect of a Motivational Intervention on Exercise Behavior in Persons with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders

  • Lora Humphrey Beebe
  • Kathy Smith
  • Renee Burk
  • Kelly McIntyre
  • Olivera Dessieux
  • Abbas Tavakoli
  • Clif Tennison
  • Dawn Velligan
Original Paper

Abstract

Ninety seven outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) were randomly assigned to the Walk, Address Sensations, Learn About Exercise, Cue Exercise Behavior for SSDs (WALC-S), a motivational intervention designed to increase exercise in SSDs (n = 48), or a time and attention control group (TAC, n = 49). WALC-S and TAC groups met weekly for 4 weeks before a 16 week walking program was offered to all subjects. We compared the exercise attendance, persistence and compliance of the groups during the walking program. WALC-S recipients attended more walking groups, for more weeks and walked more minutes than those receiving TAC. Percent of WALC-S or TAC groups attended was significantly correlated with overall attendance (r = 0.38, P = 0.001) and persistence (r = −.29, P = 0.01), as well as number of minutes walked. This study is among the first to examine interventions designed to enhance exercise motivation in SSDs.

Keywords

Schizophrenia Community Exercise Motivation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Mental Health, 1R03MH79047-02.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lora Humphrey Beebe
    • 1
  • Kathy Smith
    • 2
  • Renee Burk
    • 1
  • Kelly McIntyre
    • 3
  • Olivera Dessieux
    • 1
  • Abbas Tavakoli
    • 4
  • Clif Tennison
    • 5
  • Dawn Velligan
    • 6
  1. 1.University of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  2. 2.Tennessee Wesleyan CollegeKnoxvilleUSA
  3. 3.Volunteer MinistriesKnoxvilleUSA
  4. 4.University of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  5. 5.The Helen Ross McNabb CenterKnoxvilleUSA
  6. 6.University of Texas Health Science CenterSan AntonioUSA

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