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Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp 494–499 | Cite as

An Examination of Two Brief Stigma Reduction Strategies: Filmed Personal Contact and Hallucination Simulations

  • Seth A. Brown
  • Yolanda Evans
  • Kelly Espenschade
  • Maureen O’Connor
Original paper

Abstract

Mental illness stigma is quite prevalent with dire consequences. A number of interventions to decrease stigma have been formulated, but have variable effectiveness and limited dissemination. This research examined the impact of two brief interventions: a film depicting individuals with schizophrenia (filmed contact) and a simulation of auditory hallucinations. Participants (N = 143) were randomly assigned to one of three interventions: (1) filmed contact, (2) simulation, or (3) no intervention, and completed two stigma measures prior to, immediately after, and 1 week after the intervention. The filmed contact intervention led to decreases in stigma which persisted across 1 week. However, the simulation led to increases in stigma. The results suggest that a filmed contact intervention may decrease two aspects of mental illness stigma (social distance and negative emotions), which has implications for wide dissemination. The efficacy of a hallucination simulations intervention remains dubious.

Keywords

Stigma Education Contact Simulation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seth A. Brown
    • 1
  • Yolanda Evans
    • 1
  • Kelly Espenschade
    • 1
  • Maureen O’Connor
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Northern IowaCedar FallsUSA

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