Eligibility, Recruitment, and Retention of African Americans with Severe Mental Illness in Community Research

  • Michelle DeCoux HamptonEmail author
  • Mary C. White
  • Linda Chafetz
Original Paper


Data that addresses severely mentally ill (SMI) African Americans (AAs) likelihood to participate in clinical research is limited. This study’s purpose was to determine if differences exist between races regarding eligibility, recruitment, and retention in a community-based clinical trial. The sample included 293 participants. Data sources included clinical records and interviews. Logistic regression was used for analysis. AAs were as likely to participate and to complete followup interviews as Whites. In contrast to studies about non-mentally ill AAs, AAs with SMI appeared to be as willing to consent to and to remain in clinical research studies as Whites.


African American Recruitment Retention Severe mental illness 



This work was funded by grants from the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Nursing Research (R01 NR05350 and NR005350-4, Research Supplement for Underrepresented Minorities), and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (Minority Fellowship Program).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michelle DeCoux Hampton
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mary C. White
    • 2
  • Linda Chafetz
    • 3
  1. 1.School of NursingSamuel Merritt CollegeOaklandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Community Health SystemsUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Community Health SystemsUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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