Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 43, Issue 6, pp 583–590 | Cite as

Prevalence of Depressive Symptoms and Related Risk Factors for Depressive Symptoms among Elderly Persons Living in a Rural Japanese Community: a Cross-Sectional Study

  • Yoshihiro Kaneko
  • Yutaka Motohashi
  • Hisanaga Sasaki
  • Masako Yamaji
Article

Abstract

To clarify the prevalence of depression in a rural community in Japan and to evaluate the social and familial risk factors for depression, with the goal of suicide prevention, a questionnaire survey was conducted on a total of 2,763 elderly persons. The determined prevalence of depressive symptoms (Zung’s self-rated depression scale score of 50 points or more) was 10.4%. Logistic regression analysis showed associations between depressive symptoms and age, absence of a friendly companion, irritation with one’s family, frequent loneliness, the opinion that stress has a large impact on one’s life, suicide ideation, and poor subjective physical and mental health.

Keywords

depression elderly rural community risk factor family stress 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshihiro Kaneko
    • 1
  • Yutaka Motohashi
    • 1
  • Hisanaga Sasaki
    • 1
  • Masako Yamaji
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Public HealthAkita University School of MedicineAkitaJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Health and Medical CareSaitama Medical UniversitySaitamaJapan

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