Conservation Genetics

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 815–826 | Cite as

Pollinator service affects quantity but not quality of offspring in a widespread New Zealand endemic tree species

  • Megan L. Van Etten
  • Parinya Sukkaewnmanee
  • Jennifer A. Tate
  • Alastair W. Robertson
Research Article


Human-mediated introductions of predatory mammals to New Zealand have led to massive bird extinctions and population declines. This reduction in bird abundance could have a variety of negative effects on the plants they pollinate, and this has led to recent management efforts to eliminate predatory mammals in some areas. In this study, we utilized variation in management efforts to determine the effects of pollinator service on progeny quantity and quality of an endemic New Zealand tree species, Fuchsia excorticata. Due to its gynodioecious breeding system (separate hermaphroditic and female plants), we were able to estimate effective pollination by scoring pollen deposition on females as a proxy for pollinator service, which we used to examine the effect of pollinator service on both the quantity of fruits produced and the quality of fruits, as measured by the selfing rate of hermaphrodites. We found that increased pollinator service increased progeny quantity, with a stronger effect in females, but had no effect on the quality via selfing rates. The combined effects of pollen limitation and loss of seeds due to inbreeding depression led to hermaphrodites having an estimated 24–80% reduction in the number of offspring reaching reproductive age, even in the highly managed populations. Our results suggest management efforts can have substantial impacts on progeny quantity, but progeny quality is likely influenced by more difficult to manage population or species-specific traits such as tree size, plant sex ratio, and pollinator behavior.


Fuchsia excorticata Gynodioecy Inbreeding depression Onagraceae Pollinator declines Reproductive assurance Selfing rate 



The authors thank Daniel York, Rhett Coleman, Melanya Yukhnevich, Hannah Rainforth and Briana Nelson for assistance with fieldwork. The authors thank the New Zealand Department of Conservation, Karori Wildlife Sanctuary, Maungatautari Ecological Island Trust, Hinewai Reserve, Ngati Rangi Trust, and Sally Pearce for permission to work at field sites. We also thank the reviewers for their helpful comments. This project was supported by the Massey University Research Fund to AWR and JT.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Megan L. Van Etten
    • 1
    • 4
  • Parinya Sukkaewnmanee
    • 2
  • Jennifer A. Tate
    • 3
  • Alastair W. Robertson
    • 1
  1. 1.EcologyMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  2. 2.Faculty of Science and TechnologySuratthani Rajabhat UniversitySuratthaniThailand
  3. 3.Institute of Fundamental SciencesMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  4. 4.BiologyPennsylvania State UniversityDunmoreUSA

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