Cluster Computing

, Volume 22, Supplement 2, pp 3917–3923 | Cite as

Validation of multicast routing in cyber physical systems monitoring air quality

  • C. AmuthadeviEmail author
  • J. Sathya Priya
  • B. Madhusudhanan


The high risk of air pollution in urban area makes it dangerous for the quality of human life. Monitoring and controlling of physical environments from remote locations with considerable precision is possible with the help of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Rapid urbanization and heavy usage of vehicles have exacerbated air pollution in the recent years. Monitoring air pollution is convoluted yet a very important task at hand. The exact parameter estimation is needed for the real time air quality monitoring systems and to make quick decisions on timely basis to monitor and control the air quality. Data was traditionally collected periodically which was both costly and time-consuming affair. This complexity can be handled by the use of WSN which helps attain instant readings. A collection of computing elements that connect and interact with each other is referred to as a Cyber Physical System (CPS). Data necessary for monitoring and controlling is routed among the nodes using routing protocols. In this paper, for making the correct decision on route selection, fuzzy logic is employed. Fuzzy logic concept is used to monitor risk of air pollutant on time in the particular industry and area. This work involves the monitoring and validating air control using the CPS method for multicast routing.


Wireless sensor networks (WSN) Air pollution monitoring Cyber physical system (CPS) Multicast routing and fuzzy logic 


  1. 1.
    Yi, W.Y., Lo, K.M., Mak, T., Leung, K.S., Leung, Y., Meng, M.L.: A survey of wireless sensor network based air pollution monitoring systems. Sensors. 15(12), 31392–31427 (2015)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Khedo, K.K., Perseedoss, R., Mungur, A.: A wireless sensor network air pollution monitoring system. arXiv preprint arXiv:1005.1737 (2010)
  3. 3.
    Shakshuki, E.M., Malik, H., Sheltami, T.: WSN in cyber physical systems: enhanced energy management routing approach using software agents. Future Gener. Comput. Syst. 31, 93–104 (2014)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Keshavarz, H., Noor, R. M., Mostajeran, E.: Using routing table flag to improve performance of AODV routing protocol for VANETs environment. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computing and Information Technology (IC2IT’13), pp. 73–82 (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Amiri, E., Keshavarz, H., Alizadeh, M., Zamani, M., Khodadadi, T.: Energy efficient routing in wireless sensor networks based on fuzzy ant colony optimization. Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 10(7), 768936 (2014)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mansour, S., Nasser, N., Karim, L., Ali, A.: Wireless sensor network-based air quality monitoring system. In: Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), 2014 International Conference on, pp. 545–550. IEEE (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Khaitan, S.K., McCalley, J.D.: Design techniques and applications of cyberphysical systems: a survey. IEEE Syst. J. 9(2), 350–365 (2015)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Harsha Chandran, K.C., Jayasree, P.S.: Multicast ad hoc on-demand distance vector routing: a survey. Int. J. Sci. Eng. Technol. Res. 6(4), 716–719 (2017)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kaur, M., Virk, A.K.: An improved multicast AODV routing protocol for VANETs. Int. J. Comput. Appl. 21(6), 14–23 (2015)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shafigh, A.S., Abdollahi, K., Kouchaki, M.: Developing a fuzzy logic based on demand multicast routing protocol. J. Electr. Comput. Eng. 2012, 2 (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Narayanan, S., Thottungal, R.: Fuzzy logic based multicast routing protocol in MANET. Int. J. Eng. Res. Technol. 5(1), 723–728 (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Amuthadevi
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Sathya Priya
    • 2
  • B. Madhusudhanan
    • 3
  1. 1.Veltech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala Rangarajan R&D Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Velammal Engineering CollegeChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of CSEEr. Perumal Manimekalai College of EngineeringHosurIndia

Personalised recommendations