Advertisement

Cluster Computing

, Volume 22, Supplement 6, pp 14411–14418 | Cite as

Numerical analysis of fire consequences and effective solutions in a corn starch explosion fire based on computational fire dynamics simulator

  • Jui-Pei HsuEmail author
  • Cherng-Shing Lin
Article

Abstract

The trend of large-scale parties is gradually increasing. It is necessary to pay attention to the safety of personnel participating in activities and to study the impact of evacuation methods and safety on the fire caused by the explosion of large-scale parties. Fire accident investigation has found that most of the casualties and personnel can not immediately evacuated, resulting in smoke suffocation, high temperature burns and stampede. In this study, according to the structure of the actual venue and the distribution of personnel, we can use the computer to reconstruction of the fire site for assessment and analysis. This study uses fire dynamics simulator (FDS) + EVAC software to address the issue of Formosa Fun Coast explosion in Taiwan in several ways. FDS is a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model developed specifically for fire driven flows, FDS is routinely applied to a wide range of problems including performance-based design, fire reconstructions, and test planning. Based on the advantages of CFD, the characteristics of explosion fire were studied; the specific and effective methods were put forward to reduce the casualties. There are many ways to improve the fire situation, we use ventilation system and sprinkler system device is a fast and effective program, the simulation is a good design. And this paper points out some problems that people should pay attention to in the actual fire process. It has certain guiding significance to the personnel; it can also reduce the harm degree of all the personnel in the activity, and enhance the safety of the large-scale activity.

Keywords

Fire Fire dynamics simulator Explosion Evacuation Smoke Burn Temperature 

References

  1. 1.
    Zhang, X.: Four misunderstandings of dust explosion. Mod. Occup. Saf. 2014(11), 51 (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang, Q., Pang, L., Liang, H.: Coupling relation between air shockwave and high-temperature flow from explosion of methane in air. Flow Turbul. Combust. 89(1), 1–12 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Francesco, M.D., Markowich, P.A., Pietschmann, J.F., Wolfram, M.T.: On the Hughes’ model for pedestrian flow: the one-dimensional case. J. Differ. Equ. 250(3), 1334–1362 (2011)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Luo, N., Li, A., Gao, R., et al.: An experiment and simulation of smoke confinement and exhaust efficiency utilizing a modified Opposite Double-Jet Air Curtain. Saf. Sci. 5, 17–25 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Xin, Z., Wang, S., Yun, F., et al.: Numerical analysis on spreading laws of grassland fire based on fire dynamics simulator (FDS). Trans. Chin. Soc. Agric. Eng. 29(11), 156–163 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Deng, J., et al.: Simulation study on velocity of longitudinal ventilation tunnel fire. Proc. Eng. 52(52), 67–71 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rychkov, D.: Modeling of operation of a solid-propellant pulse aerosol generator during extinguishing of methane-air mixture ignition in coal mine drifts. Combust. Explos. Shock Waves 49(1), 19–25 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bespal’ko, A.A., Yavorovich, L.V., Viitman, E.E., Fedotov, P.I., Shtirts, V.A.: Dynamoelectric energy transfers in a rock mass under explosion load in terms of the Tashtagol mine. J. Min. Sci. 46(2), 136–142 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang, B.B.: Comparative research on FLUENT and FDS’s numerical simulation of smoke spread in subway platform fire. Proc. Eng. 26(11), 1065–1075 (2011)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    McGrattan, K., McDermott, R., Weinschenk, C., Overholt, K.: Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 6); User’s Guide. NIST Special Publication, 1019 (6). National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg (2015)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    McGrattan, K., McDermott, R., Weinschenk, C., Overholt, K., Hostikka, S., Floyd, J.: Fire Dynamics Simulator—Validation Guide. NIST Special Publication 1019. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg (2015)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Korhonen, T.: Fire Dynamics Simulator with Evacuation: FDS + Evac—Technical Reference and User’s Guide. VTT, Finland (2016)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Formosa Fun Coast Hellfire. 28 June 2015. Apple Daily, TaiwanGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Michael Forsythe. June 27, 2015. Taiwan Water Park Blast Leaves Hundreds Injured. The New York TimesGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Purser, D.A., Woolley, W.D.: Biological studies of combustion atmospheres. J Fire Sci 1, 118–144 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Thomas, P.H.: The Movement of Smoke in Horizontal Passages Against an Air Flow, Fire Research Station Note No. 723. Fire Research Station, Borehamwood (1968)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jackson, D.M.: The diagnosis of the depth of burning. Br J Surg 40(164), 588–596 (1953)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Johnson, R.M., Richard, R.: Partial-thickness burns: identification and management. Adv Skin Wound Care 16(4), 178–187 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringYuan Ze UniversityTaoyuan CityTaiwan, ROC

Personalised recommendations