Cluster Computing

, Volume 22, Supplement 4, pp 7965–7974 | Cite as

Numerical simulation of the composite foundation of cement soil mixing piles using FLAC3D

  • Xiaohui LuEmail author
  • Song Mengen
  • Peifang Wang


In the road construction process often encountered in the construction of the phenomenon in the soft soil area, due to the physical properties of soft soil often can not meet the design requirements, it is often on the soft ground to add additives to achieve a more solid foundation. In order to compare the settlement of two different piles to determine a more suitable engineering method.The silty soft soil foundation of Xinxicheng Road was numerically simulated by the software of FLAC\(^\mathrm{3D}\), and a single-pile model was established to simulate the load test of single pile by loading load step by step. The resulting deformation grid diagrams of the cement soil mixing pile and cement sand soil mixing pile under loads of 300 kPa indicate that deformation gradually decreases from the center to the surrounding, and the maximum settlements of the two deformation maps were 19.36 and 13.60 mm, respectively. The relationships between maximum settlement and load show that the settlement values of the cement soil pile and cement sand soil pile were similar (within 1–2 mm of each other). The settlement value of the cement sand soil mixing pile was smaller than that of the cement soil mixing pile under large loads. Therefore, the use of cement sand soil piles can reduce the maximum settlement to meet engineering requirements. This paper provides a theoretical basis and guidance for the future treatment of soft ground deformation.


FLAC\(^\mathrm{3D}\) Numerical simulation Soft soil foundation Single pile load test 



This study was financed by the National Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of China (Grant No. 41202172), Open Research Fund Program of Resource Development on Shallow Lakes and Center for Agricultural Resources Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.


  1. 1.
    Lu, Z., et al.: Engineering Geology, pp. 59–65. China Water & Power Press, Beijing (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Liu, F., Niu, Q., Guo, Y.: Analysis on liquescent sand foundation reinforced by cement pile with FLAC3D. Eng. Mech. S1, 399–403 (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xu, L., Geji, L., Shuai, S.: Application of FLAC3D in deep foundation pit excavation and support numerical simulation. J. Shenyang Univ. Technol. 38(01), 91–96 (2016). [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cao, L., Sun, C., Wang, D.: Numerical simulation analysis on deformation and failure of FLAC\(^{\rm 3D}\) open pit slope. J. Liaoning Tech. Univ 35(07), 679–682 (2016). (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y, Chen: Seismic Response Of Liquefied Soil Based on FLAC\(^{\rm 3D}\) [D]. Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing (2016). [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Feng, Y., Li, P., Jiang, C.: Application of FLAC3D in numerical analysis for deep foundation pit excavation. J. Water Resour. Archit. Eng. 4, 17–27 (2013). [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xu, L., Cai, F., Chen, G., et al.: Realization of nonlinear dynamic constitutive model with cyclic softening in FLAC\(^{\rm 3D}\). Geomechanics 37(11), 3329–3335 (2016). (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Prassetyo, S.H., Gutierrez, M.: Effect of surface loading on the hydro-mechanical response of a tunnel in saturated ground. Undergr. Space 07, 10–22 (2014)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hegde, A.M., Sitharam, T.G.: Experimental and numerical studies on protection of buried pipelines and underground utilities using geocells. Geotext. Geomembr. 43(5), 372–381 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sivakumar Babu, G.L., Reddy, K.R., Srivastava, A.: Influence of spatially variable geotechnical properties of MSW on stability of landfill slopes. J. Hazard. Toxic Radioact. Waste 18(1), 27–37 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ravandi, E.G., Rahmannejad, R., Nasab, S.K.: Sensitivity analysis of effective parameters on water curtain performance for crude oil storage in Iranian URC using the 2 k factorial design and numerical modeling. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. Inc. Trenchless Technol. Res. 58, 247–256 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pérez, I., Medina, L., del Val, M.A., et al.: Nonlinear elasto-plastic performance prediction of materials stabilized with bitumen emulsion in rural road pavements. Adv. Eng. Softw. 91, 69–79 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chen, Y.: Optimization and analysis of roadway support parameters based on FLAC\(^{\rm 3D}\) numerical simulation. Inner Mongolia Coal Econ. 08, 91–115 (2017). (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cheng, Z., Zhenshuai, Y.: Three-dimensional numerical simulation analysis of deep excavation bracing based on FLAC\(^{\rm 3D}\). J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. Eng. 29(01), 37–42 (2017). [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wu, C.: Numerical Simulation Analysis of Forced Stress of H Type Double-Row Piles Based on FLAC\(^{\rm 3D}\). Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang (2017). (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang, F.: Surface Subsidence Monitoring and Prediction of Deep Mining in Dongxiang Copper Mine. Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou (2014). (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kou, X., Zhou, W., Yang, R.: Stability analysis of high slope of TGP ’s shiplock using FLAC\(^{\rm 3D}\). Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 20(1), 6–10 (2001). [in Chinese]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Earth Science and Engineering, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Integrated Regulation and Resource Development on Shallow LakesHohai UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.School of Earth Science and EngineeringHohai UniversityNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations